Author profile: Joshua Gray

The Role of Political Parties in Putin’s Hybrid-Regime

The Role of Political Parties in Putin’s Hybrid-Regime

Beyond providing the regime with a sheen of legitimacy through competing in elections, each of Russia’s main parties play a key role in sustaining the hybrid-regime.

Turkey's EU Accession. A child and two older women hold turkey balloons.

The Challenges and Successes of EU Democracy Promotion Policies

The success of EU democracy promotion is contingent upon the degree of bargaining power the EU possesses vis-à-vis ‘third countries’.

Accounting for the Failure of Russia to Consolidate Democracy

Accounting for the Failure of Russia to Consolidate Democracy

The lack of democratic consensus amongst the political elite is primarily responsible for the democratic impasse in Russia under the leadership of Putin.

The Challenges of British Counterinsurgency in Helmand – Why did it go so Wrong?

The Challenges of British Counterinsurgency in Helmand – Why did it go so Wrong?

Britain exhibited a lack of adhesion to the rules and maxims posited by classical COIN theory and subsequently faced many challenges.

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