Author profile: Sandra Fernandes

Sandra Fernandes is professor in International Relations at the University of Minho (Portugal). She holds a PhD on multilateralism and EU-Russian relations (Sciences-Po Paris, 2010).

Ukraine: Finding a Balance Between the EU and Russia

Ukraine: Finding a Balance Between the EU and Russia

Ukraine is divided between pro-European and pro-Russian choices. The foreign policy choices that it makes over the coming months could have significance in terms of its relationship with the EU.

The Idea of European Security: The Renewed Russian Dilemma

The Idea of European Security: The Renewed Russian Dilemma

As Russia is unlikely to join NATO, it is imperative to find a modus vivendi and modus operandi that can balance two opposing elements that mark European security relations: foundational controversies versus the need for cooperation based on interdependencies.

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