India has taken the US, Japan and China seriously in its foreign policy considerations, but its pivot to Asia must be understood through its own self-conception as an Asian great power.
Looking to Tiananmen Square, one can see a menagerie of ideas competing for the soul of China. Each of these ideas finds a constituency within the ruling Communist Party and many are ideologically irreconcilable with the other.
The BRICS should be considering how to deepen their global agenda, or how to expand by including new states, like Egypt, which can enhance their power and legitimacy in the global south.
Xinjiang’s place within the global war on terrorism is interesting. China’s narrative on the issue has fascinating similarities with the Russian narrative on the conflict in Chechnya.
Hoping to mould Africa and the south as the new geopolitical centre, South Africa has attempted to sell the next BRICS Summit as an African summit.
As we witness the change in leadership in China, led ostensibly by Xi Jinping, new evidence is rapidly emerging which we can use to develop our understanding further.
The idea of a BRICS development bank is now a huge bone of contention in South Africa, but the idea is pregnant with many positive possibilities provided it focuses on South-led global development.
From 1995 until about 2010 experts sang the praises of China’s rise, but the last several years have seen a gradual shift in the conversation. Now, talk of China’s impending “fall” is in vogue.