The causes and effects of performative violence are linked, and include intimidation, social and material control, social cohesion and communication, and structural violence.
E-IR Essay Award
We’re pleased to announce the E-IR Essay Award, with a prize of £100 worth of books provided by Routledge. From February 2014, an outstanding student essay published on E-International Relations will be recognised with the award each calendar month. The Award will draw attention to high quality essays written by undergraduate and Masters students worldwide, and aims to encourage and reward those who share their best work to the benefit of their global peer group.
If the international community maintains a positive role and domestic pushes for human rights are legitimised by international law, they could yet become universal.
Broad development remains elusive because it fails to challenge the rules of the ‘game’ enforced by neoliberal interests which cannot accommodate more adequate definitions of poverty.
The West’s increasingly aggressive nature of exporting liberalism is actually working to delegitimize its own hegemony, creating cracks in the self-perpetuating liberal world order.
While a number of factors contribute to the failure to achieve economic regionalization in Central Asia, the overwhelming influence is the corrupt and patriarchal nature of state leadership.
David Chuter sparks debate about the political and legal value of the Genocide Convention, but fails to encapsulate the subtle nuances which describe where the Convention sits.
Both the Soviet Union and the United States played an important role in facilitating the rise of radical Islamism during their Cold War rivalry.
Illegal Chinese fishing in the Yellow Sea is a long-standing source of tension between China and both Koreas. Systemic trilateral cooperation is the most viable solution.
Syria warrants the application of R2P as there is an on-going government campaign of extermination against civilians; however, no country is willing to commit to a military intervention.
In spite of criticisms of military intervention, such measures can free populations from dictatorships and abusive governments.
The protection of human rights from terrorist threats and the counterterrorism efforts that follow need to be in accordance with human rights standards in order to maintain legitimacy.
Impoverished slums, such as those in Mumbai and Gujarat, played a major part in ethnic violence because they were reliant upon resource networks divided along ethnic lines.