E-IR Essay Award

Each month, an outstanding student essay published on E-International Relations is recognised with the E-IR Essay award. Each winner receives £100 in book tokens from Routledge. The Award draws attention to high quality essays written by undergraduate and Masters students worldwide, and aims to encourage and reward those who share their best work to the benefit of their global peer group.

Can Flags ‘Speak Security’?

Can Flags ‘Speak Security’?

Fragile national identities can become embodied and even dependent upon flags, and flags will continue to be a major stumbling block to desecuritisation.

Image by US Department of State

Discrete Diplomacy: Oman and the Iran Nuclear Deal

Exploring Oman’s mediating role in facilitating the initial US-Iranian talks reveals how it can aid the US’s strategic goals in the Persian Gulf and the Middle East.

Cooperation or Competition? External Support and Interrebel Dynamics

Cooperation or Competition? External Support and Interrebel Dynamics

Non-state armed groups who receive fungible resources, such as funding or weapons, are more likely to experience interrebel fighting and less likely to be in an alliance.

The Role of Political Parties in Putin’s Hybrid-Regime

The Role of Political Parties in Putin’s Hybrid-Regime

Beyond providing the regime with a sheen of legitimacy through competing in elections, each of Russia’s main parties play a key role in sustaining the hybrid-regime.

Purpose, Power, and Problems: The Pursuit of Norms for Cybersecurity

Purpose, Power, and Problems: The Pursuit of Norms for Cybersecurity

A norms-based approach to achieving cyber security has its merits, but there are significant coordination hurdles to overcome in order to make developing norms lasting.

Snake Oil: US Foreign Policy, Afghanistan, and the Cold War

Snake Oil: US Foreign Policy, Afghanistan, and the Cold War

Afghanistan has become a “snake country”: where loyalty can only be rented, solutions are always temporary, and the law of the stronger prevails.

The Need for a New Critical Framework for Global Health

The Need for a New Critical Framework for Global Health

Discusses understandings of health as an instrument to state security objectives and as something of intrinsic value that ought to be pursued as a human right.

Image by Matt Niemi

Drones and Radicalisation in Pakistan

Relations between US drone strikes in Pakistan, the Pakistani state & ‘radicalisation’ is complex, bound up with secrecy, information problems & economic interests.

Moralities and Modes of Inquiry in International Relations

Moralities and Modes of Inquiry in International Relations

The morality of states approach, which defends both universal and non-universal moral duties, implies people can hold cosmopolitan and communitarian notions concurrently.

The EU’s Responsibility to Protect Environmentally Displaced People

The EU’s Responsibility to Protect Environmentally Displaced People

The number of environmentally displaced people is expected to increase, and the EU has a moral responsibility to grant protection status to climate refugees.

Explaining South Korean Policy Toward the United States, 1987-2014

Explaining South Korean Policy Toward the United States, 1987-2014

Despite elements of disagreement in its policy outlook, Seoul has been eager to remain a valuable and contributing member in the US-led regional and global architecture.

Australian, British, and US Approaches to Countering Islamic Extremists

Australian, British, and US Approaches to Countering Islamic Extremists

By comparing and analysing the counter-radicalisation strategies of the three countries, disparate approaches are revealed that all contain some degree of effectiveness.

Why the War on Bashar Al-Assad Never Happened

Why the War on Bashar Al-Assad Never Happened

With the Syrian War raging on, with over 200,000 killed and millions displaced over the span of four years, why did the US not conduct air-strikes to overthrow Assad?

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