International History (students)

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US–Iran “Special” Relations Between 2001 and 2003: Friends or Foes?

US–Iran “Special” Relations Between 2001 and 2003: Friends or Foes?

The US and Iran’s past has greatly affected the nature of their relationship as each country insisted on viewing the other side from different and opposing perspectives.

How Crucial Was the ‘Empty Chair Crisis’ in the Course of European Integration?

How Crucial Was the ‘Empty Chair Crisis’ in the Course of European Integration?

The ‘empty chair crisis’ challenged the view of neo-functionalists and supranationalist policy-makers and is therefore a key event in the course of European Integration.

The Impact of Nationalism on Chinese Foreign Policy Towards Japan

The Impact of Nationalism on Chinese Foreign Policy Towards Japan

In China, the CCP promotes the narrative of humiliation as part of a nationalist discourse, projecting opposition outwards and making the CCP a harbinger of stability.

Did the Founding Fathers Fail to Consider the Process of Policy Implementation?

Did the Founding Fathers Fail to Consider the Process of Policy Implementation?

The Constitution of the Founding Fathers does not neglect the implementation of policy as its flexible nature allows governmental power to be sufficiently restrained.

Image by Takver

Is Recent Asylum Migration Threatening Europe?

Asylum seekers in the collective unconscious are perceived as a threat as numerous social and political platforms may push nationalist and sometimes, racist sentiments.

Explaining South Korean Policy Toward the United States, 1987-2014

Explaining South Korean Policy Toward the United States, 1987-2014

Despite elements of disagreement in its policy outlook, Seoul has been eager to remain a valuable and contributing member in the US-led regional and global architecture.

Jimmy Carter, Human Rights and the Cold War

Jimmy Carter, Human Rights and the Cold War

Carter’s focus on the Cold War and Containment meant that his human rights ideals could never be achieved due to the importance he placed on repelling Soviet influence.

The Reagan Administration’s Strategic Defense Initiative during the Cold War

The Reagan Administration’s Strategic Defense Initiative during the Cold War

The decision to pursue the protracted, costly, and dubious SDI, the technology for which was not fully understood by US leadership, was ineffective and ultimately unwise.

Sergio de Queiroz Duarte, Under-Secretary-General for Disarmament Affairs, speaks at the opening of the exhibition "Against Nuclear Arms". The exhibition portrays the destruction caused by the A-bomb explosions in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan, as well as decades of nuclear arms testing in Kazakhstan.
10/Aug/2009. United Nations, New York. UN Photo/Paulo Filgueiras. www.un.org/av/photo/

On the Possibility of Nuclear Disarmament

While nuclear disarmament is a technical possibility, the deterrence logic behind such weapons makes their relinquishment a near impossibility.

Was British Decolonization after 1945 a Voluntary Process?

Was British Decolonization after 1945 a Voluntary Process?

Britain often had little choice but to concede that the constitutional independence of its dependencies was inescapable.

President Barack Obama and Vice President Joe Biden, along with with members of the national security team, receive an update on the mission against Osama bin Laden in the Situation Room of the White House, May 1, 2011. Please note: a classified document seen in this photograph has been obscured. (Official White House Photo by Pete Souza)

This official White House photograph is being made available only for publication by news organizations and/or for personal use printing by the subject(s) of the photograph. The photograph may not be manipulated in any way and may not be used in commercial or political materials, advertisements, emails, products, promotions that in any way suggests approval or endorsement of the President, the First Family, or the White House.

How has the US Intelligence Community Performed against Al-Qaeda since 1988?

Owing to its own misconceptions and those of successive executives, the US intelligence community has failed to perform to the extent of its abilities against al-Qaeda.

Friendship and International Relations

Friendship and International Relations

Although states can construct meaningful bonds between each other, these are better conceptualised as partnerships, not friendships. State relations are not friendships.