Tiananmen, although isolated as a catalyst for subsequent domestic reforms in China, was only one of a number of structural factors which led to the China of today.
The Asian Development State emerged after WWII as an alternative and effective model of economic development when compared to the dominant US model.
Britain exhibited a lack of adhesion to the rules and maxims posited by classical COIN theory and subsequently faced many challenges.
From popular culture in India, we can identify examples of the strategic deployment of women’s agency. Discussions of agency are necessary for feminist resistance.
In China, Laos, and Vietnam, the move from planned to market-oriented economies has increased free trade and diminished levels of international conflict and hostility.
The USSR’s invasion of Afghanistan was the result of an intertwined set of concerns and interests within Moscow, rather than socialist internationalism or prestige.
Proponents of liberalism will usually view liberalism as anti-corruption. History suggests something more complex – liberalism’s relationship to corruption is ambiguous.
Neo-liberalism in the self-proclaimed guise of an eutopia allows violence against other utopias, thus validating the very concerns espoused by classical liberal scholars.
Continued democracy in Pakistan is a consequence of the military deciding not to intervene, as they believe they can wield power over the weak civilian government.
Taking Turkey and Egypt as two conflicting examples, the issue of whether the state precedes the nation is illuminated in its multi-varied and complex nature.
American exceptionalism exemplifies the patriotic essence of the American people, but it has also proven problematic for the conduct of sound American foreign policy.
Whilst Nigeria’s history of colonialism can partly explain the difficulties of achieving a functioning federalism, its ‘resource course’ is also a significant hindrance.