Taking Turkey and Egypt as two conflicting examples, the issue of whether the state precedes the nation is illuminated in its multi-varied and complex nature.
American exceptionalism exemplifies the patriotic essence of the American people, but it has also proven problematic for the conduct of sound American foreign policy.
Whilst Nigeria’s history of colonialism can partly explain the difficulties of achieving a functioning federalism, its ‘resource course’ is also a significant hindrance.
The success of Palestinian nationalism in the context of the peace process is complicated by the variations in Orientalism which occur between different forms of Zionism.
Using the case study of the Lord’s Resistance Army in northern Uganda, liberalism’s approach to peacebuilding is inadequate compared to social constructivism’s.
The Communist Party of Yugoslavia was a thoroughly Leninist party. Even at those moments when it appeared to go against Lenin, its adherence to him was near complete.
The practice of rebuilding ‘failed’ or ‘failing’ states is ethically problematic. It overlooks human security and is too focused on Western institutional standards.
Rather than a realist explanation for France’s defeat of its own EDC proposal, we must delve into the constructivist realm of identity and historical determinism.
Newcomer Georgia became an arena of confrontation between the USA, the EU and Russia due to its geostrategic location, political developments and strategic orientation.
As Africa diversifies its external relations, France has acted under the abode of multilateral institutions in order to advance her geostrategic imperatives.
The failure of the US intelligence community to predict the Islamic Revolution in Iran offers lessons that remain relevant today in the aftermath of the ‘Arab Spring’.
The potentiality of statehood provided by partition filled the nation building fervor of Hindus, Muslims, Arabs, and Jews.