Hedley Bull’s critique and utilisation of Hobbes’ theory of international anarchy provides a coherent and realistic explanation of the international system.
The transformation of the Syrian Civil War from a bipolar to a tripolar conflict came from incompatible visions of Syria’s future within the Syrian Resistance Coalition.
The Israeli military’s massacre in the Sabra and Shatila Palestinian camps hindered Israel’s attainment of its overt and strategic objectives in the First Lebanon War.
Despite the epistemological limitations of history, it can provide the field of intelligence with useful ways to expand its knowledge and debunk myths.
The accepted IR narrative about Westphalia is a myth: the Westphalian model has little, if anything, to do with the Peace of Westphalia from which the model derives its name.
Adjustments need to be made to Japan’s strategic policies toward China to ensure that domestic legitimacy concerns do not exploit existing pressures that would destabilise the Sino-Japanese relationship.
Although current and controversial voices have been raised that Kosovo’s status as an international protectorate must be broken, the question remains: is independence the ultimate solution?
Chinese – US diplomacy in 1972 would have been impossible without Mao’s permission. The historical influences of the talks illuminate the importance of Mao on China’s decisions.
Evolving from radio and print into TV during the Cold War years, the media’s role in the production, contribution, and maintenance of Cold War antagonism cannot be understated.
Understanding the evolution of Jewish and Arab consciousness, in its emergence through a socio-political nationalism, allows for a more profound understanding of the status quo.
Immigration into Central and Eastern Europe has become mainly economically motivated, while migration out of this region is for reasons more economically, culturally and socially diverse.
Because workers do not have the same positions, cannot develop their similar interests, and lack a representative of their class, the post-socialist period lacks a working class.