Modern

Why Did the Soviet Union Invade Afghanistan in 1979?

Why Did the Soviet Union Invade Afghanistan in 1979?

The USSR’s invasion of Afghanistan was the result of an intertwined set of concerns and interests within Moscow, rather than socialist internationalism or prestige.

Liberalism, Neoliberalism and Corruption: a Critical Genealogy

Liberalism, Neoliberalism and Corruption: a Critical Genealogy

Proponents of liberalism will usually view liberalism as anti-corruption. History suggests something more complex – liberalism’s relationship to corruption is ambiguous.

In What Ways Can Neo-liberalism Be Classified as Utopian Politics?

In What Ways Can Neo-liberalism Be Classified as Utopian Politics?

Neo-liberalism in the self-proclaimed guise of an eutopia allows violence against other utopias, thus validating the very concerns espoused by classical liberal scholars.

Why the Military Did Not Take Over: Understanding Pakistan’s Democratic Path

Why the Military Did Not Take Over: Understanding Pakistan’s Democratic Path

Continued democracy in Pakistan is a consequence of the military deciding not to intervene, as they believe they can wield power over the weak civilian government.

Does the State Always Precede the Nation in the Middle East & North Africa?

Does the State Always Precede the Nation in the Middle East & North Africa?

Taking Turkey and Egypt as two conflicting examples, the issue of whether the state precedes the nation is illuminated in its multi-varied and complex nature.

American Exceptionalism: Exemplifying Patriotism and Justifying Imperialism

American Exceptionalism: Exemplifying Patriotism and Justifying Imperialism

American exceptionalism exemplifies the patriotic essence of the American people, but it has also proven problematic for the conduct of sound American foreign policy.

Nigeria’s “Resource Curse”: Oil as Impediment to True Federalism

Nigeria’s “Resource Curse”: Oil as Impediment to True Federalism

Whilst Nigeria’s history of colonialism can partly explain the difficulties of achieving a functioning federalism, its ‘resource course’ is also a significant hindrance.

Orientalism, Palestinian Nationalism, and Israeli Repression

Orientalism, Palestinian Nationalism, and Israeli Repression

The success of Palestinian nationalism in the context of the peace process is complicated by the variations in Orientalism which occur between different forms of Zionism.

Analysing the Lord’s Resistance Army Through Liberalism & Social Constructivism

Analysing the Lord’s Resistance Army Through Liberalism & Social Constructivism

Using the case study of the Lord’s Resistance Army in northern Uganda, liberalism’s approach to peacebuilding is inadequate compared to social constructivism’s.

Was the Communist Party of Yugoslavia a Leninist Party?

Was the Communist Party of Yugoslavia a Leninist Party?

The Communist Party of Yugoslavia was a thoroughly Leninist party. Even at those moments when it appeared to go against Lenin, its adherence to him was near complete.

Should we Rebuild ‘Failed States’ or ‘Let Them Fail’?

Should we Rebuild ‘Failed States’ or ‘Let Them Fail’?

The practice of rebuilding ‘failed’ or ‘failing’ states is ethically problematic. It overlooks human security and is too focused on Western institutional standards.

The Domestic and Ideational Sources of the European Defence Community’s Defeat

The Domestic and Ideational Sources of the European Defence Community’s Defeat

Rather than a realist explanation for France’s defeat of its own EDC proposal, we must delve into the constructivist realm of identity and historical determinism.