In a ‘state of exception’, where it is vital to maintain national security, liberal governments do not suspend the rule of law but rather legally circumvent it.
R2P’s power lies in its potential, as an emerging norm, to shift state attitudes to mass atrocity crimes to a legal commitment to protect at risk people around the world.
The symbolic power of the aircraft carrier was key to China’s public demand to develop aircraft capabilities and reflective of desires to achieve world power prestige.
The prevalence of torture represents a failure of the state-led, sovereignty-based international order. A move beyond torture requires a move beyond sovereignty.
The lack of democratic consensus amongst the political elite is primarily responsible for the democratic impasse in Russia under the leadership of Putin.
For secession, the balance of rights, despite a shift towards a more ‘liberal’ international law in recent years, should remain in the favour of (just) sovereign states.
The existence of legitimate norms & principles within international society did, in fact, exert influence over the US’ behaviour in its 2003 invasion of Iraq.
Russia’s actions of late are difficult to understand through traditional paradigms, but Huntington’s Clash of Civilization paradigm offers a holistic view of the crisis.
The WTO undermines international environmental rules. Yet, the WTO’s decisions comply with the mandates for which it operates which do not cover environmental protection.
The application of Responsibility to Protect in Libya was a success in that it mobilised the UNSC to act decisively with remarkable speed and fully in accordance with R2P
The concept of ‘material breach’ was used as a political tool to justify military action in Iraq in 2003 by the U.S. and U.K., as opposed to a legal justification.