International Law

Central European Countries and EU Accession: A Blessing or a Curse?

Central European Countries and EU Accession: A Blessing or a Curse?

Eastern enlargement was a unique achievement for prosperity and modernisation in Central and Eastern European States and bolstered the EU’s greatest strength: diversity.

United Nations Personnel in the Democratic Republic of Congo

United Nations Personnel in the Democratic Republic of Congo

New guidelines for determining the applicability of international humanitarian law to United Nations peace operations are both necessary and urgent.

Rhetoric of Responsibility: R2P’s Harmful Application in Humanitarian Practice

Rhetoric of Responsibility: R2P’s Harmful Application in Humanitarian Practice

From a well-meaning attempt at humanitarian action following the crises of the 1990s, the Responsibility to Protect has nevertheless become a vehicle for self-interest.

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Simone De Beauvoir’s Feminist Ideals Regarding Prostitution

De Beauvoir’s feminist approach to prostitution reveals prostitution is ethically acceptable if those involved are willingly and have the same rights as other workers.

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Adaptation, Mitigation and the Securitization of Climate Change

Environmental changes make the rethinking of security unavoidable. An international effort is necessary to develop a framework of adaptation and mitigation practices.

The State of Deception & The Time Bomb: Evaluating Torture as Counter-Terrorism

The State of Deception & The Time Bomb: Evaluating Torture as Counter-Terrorism

In a ‘state of exception’, where it is vital to maintain national security, liberal governments do not suspend the rule of law but rather legally circumvent it.

‘R2P’ as an Emerging Norm

‘R2P’ as an Emerging Norm

R2P’s power lies in its potential, as an emerging norm, to shift state attitudes to mass atrocity crimes to a legal commitment to protect at risk people around the world.

A Constructivist Approach to China’s Aircraft Carrier Ambitions

A Constructivist Approach to China’s Aircraft Carrier Ambitions

The symbolic power of the aircraft carrier was key to China’s public demand to develop aircraft capabilities and reflective of desires to achieve world power prestige.

Torture and the Failure of the International System

Torture and the Failure of the International System

The prevalence of torture represents a failure of the state-led, sovereignty-based international order. A move beyond torture requires a move beyond sovereignty.

Accounting for the Failure of Russia to Consolidate Democracy

Accounting for the Failure of Russia to Consolidate Democracy

The lack of democratic consensus amongst the political elite is primarily responsible for the democratic impasse in Russia under the leadership of Putin.

Balancing the Rights of Sovereign States With Those of Secessionist Movements

Balancing the Rights of Sovereign States With Those of Secessionist Movements

For secession, the balance of rights, despite a shift towards a more ‘liberal’ international law in recent years, should remain in the favour of (just) sovereign states.