Essays

One of the best ways of developing your essay writing ability is to see how other students respond to similar questions. Reading other students’ essays can provide interesting insights and broaden your understanding of what is possible when answering a question.

Realism and Liberalism in International Relations

Realism and Liberalism in International Relations

The debate continues as to which school of International Relations remains the most relevant and timely with regards to the interpretation of the international system. Some will always say realism is politics as it is while liberalism is an example of politics idealized. Perhaps the true path lies in combination.

Climate Related Natural Disasters and the Onset of Civil Conflict: 1970-2008

Climate Related Natural Disasters and the Onset of Civil Conflict: 1970-2008

Since the end of the Cold War, research into the causes of civil conflict has intensified dramatically as scholars, policy makers, and NGOs have come to recognise the tremendous human toll they exact. Almost completely absent from civil war literature is the impact that natural disasters may have on the likelihood of conflict.

Nuclear Proliferaiton in the Middle East: the Iran-Israel Problem

Nuclear Proliferaiton in the Middle East: the Iran-Israel Problem

A nuclear Iran will go one of two ways. It will either have no obvious effect, the weapon won’t be used for fear of repercussion yet conventional wars will continue; a stalemate. Or, the Middle East will face the prospect of a complete breakdown as either Iran is pre-empted, Israel feels cornered by the likely arms race or technology is leaked; the only recourse available will be war.

Women’s Security in Afghanistan

Women’s Security in Afghanistan

This essay argues that neo-colonialist discourses were present within the U.S. at the time of the Afghanistan War and served to demonise and essentialise Islamic culture in general, whilst removing from debate the historical political landscape of Afghanistan. Such historical accounts are essential to understand the roots of women’s insecurity in the nation, which persist to this day.

American Federalism and Post-1997 Devolution in Britain

American Federalism and Post-1997 Devolution in Britain

The amalgamation of state and federal powers, the increased capacity of the central government to control the states through grants and mandates and the growing convergence of central and peripheral policy are all features of the competitive interdependence form of federalism that can be seen reflected in the new devolved British governmental structure.

The role of nationalism in Iran during the 20th century

The role of nationalism in Iran during the 20th century

Nationalism only really played a crucial role in Iran regarding the ever present spectre of foreign encroachment within the country, firstly by the British, and subsequently by America and others. The desire to end this state of affairs was a powerful uniting force that rallied everyone under the banner of nationalism.

The 21st Century Challenges to Article 51

The 21st Century Challenges to Article 51

A narrow application of Article 51 would allow keeping control on unilateral use of force, at least given the awareness by states of the political costs of unlawful actions. Widening the scope of self-defence could bring the erosion of the basic purpose of the UN Charter regime, i.e. the ban of military force in inter-state relations and the promotion of peace.

Power: The Art of Mediation?

Power: The Art of Mediation?

Mediation takes place voluntarily, a distinguishing feature from other forms of third party intervention, such as arbitration and adjudication. It does not embrace violence and it aims for suggestions; there is nothing binding or obligatory to the results of the process. There is no general accepted rule on whether impartiality or power is the ideal asset of any mediator.

Inter-war airpower theory and World War II

Inter-war airpower theory and World War II

The development of air power in the realm of the military emerged almost at the same time as aviation itself due to the accelerating features of the First World War. With air power’s inception, it became possible to make strategic strikes against the enemy’s centre of gravity without the necessity of making contact in a traditional land or sea war.

The Limits of Unlearning: Liberal Feminism from the Postcolonial Perspective

The Limits of Unlearning: Liberal Feminism from the Postcolonial Perspective

We are trapped in our experiences as colonisers and colonised, and in our resulting positions of power or powerlessness. Therefore, representation of ‘subaltern women’ by white western liberal feminists remains problematic, since tied up in the notion of representation are the complications of power, knowledge and language.

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