The transformation of the Syrian Civil War from a bipolar to a tripolar conflict came from incompatible visions of Syria’s future within the Syrian Resistance Coalition.
Despite facing problems with development and achieving the high standards prescribed its constitution, South Africa still has the attributes of a liberal democracy.
The Botswana intelligence oversight regime falls short of addressing the conflicting needs of secrecy and democratic imperatives of transparency and accountability.
Whilst the deployment of female engagement teams in Afghanistan may have signaled a symbolic change in how COIN is practiced, their existence plays only a supporting role.
The French intervention in Mali is a testament to securitization theory’s prowess in challenging, and more significantly, critiquing modern conceptualizations of security.
The arts may hold healing power in transitioning societies, as they provide a means for survivors of atrocities to deal with the past and tell their stories in a creative way.
The Israeli military’s massacre in the Sabra and Shatila Palestinian camps hindered Israel’s attainment of its overt and strategic objectives in the First Lebanon War.
IFFs hamstring the efforts of African states to pursue poverty alleviation and economic development, thus addressing IFFs and their impacts should be a priority for UNECA.
Cultural relativism and universalism have yet to overcome cultural traditions which result in human harm. By balancing the two, there is potential for progress.
The accepted IR narrative about Westphalia is a myth: the Westphalian model has little, if anything, to do with the Peace of Westphalia from which the model derives its name.
The jus ad bellum principles show that the intervention in Libya was justified, and offers an example of how to respond to the idea of civilian protection.
It remains to be seen if China will achieve more than to insert themselves into an existing bilateral relationship between Africa and the West, converting it into a triangular one.