Africa

Preemptive Self-Defense, Customary International Law, and the Congolese Wars

Preemptive Self-Defense, Customary International Law, and the Congolese Wars

Preemptive self-defence was cited by Rwanda and Uganda during the two Congolese Wars, presenting some significant questions for international law.

Reconciliation in Transitional and Post-conflict Societies: Healing or Impunity?

Reconciliation in Transitional and Post-conflict Societies: Healing or Impunity?

Reconciliation is more meaningful when viewed as a transformative process which favours a restorative notion of justice, rather than as merely another word for impunity.

Has the 2014-2015 Ebola Epidemic in West Africa Been Securitized?

Has the 2014-2015 Ebola Epidemic in West Africa Been Securitized?

The sociological approach to securitization is useful for understanding the Liberian and Sierra Leonean governments’ attempts to securitize the 2014-15 Ebola outbreak.

Gacaca court in Rwamagana district. A ma n accusing another

Truth Commissions and the Mental Health of Victims

Testifying before truth-telling mechanisms, such as truth commissions and gacaca, can cause psychological harm to the participants.

Human Rights in Latin America: The Case of Women and People of African Descent

Human Rights in Latin America: The Case of Women and People of African Descent

Capacity-building support from the UN will empower national institutions to help improve the situation of people of African descent in Latin America.

Assessing the Utility of Rational Choice Theory in Least Developed Countries

Assessing the Utility of Rational Choice Theory in Least Developed Countries

RCT can inform the understanding behind the decision making process of collective action pertaining to developmental dilemmas specifically common pool resources (CPRs).

Does the Inclusion of Women in Peace Building Processes Make a Difference?

Does the Inclusion of Women in Peace Building Processes Make a Difference?

Rather than including more women in peace-building to make positive difference to the processes and outcomes, a gender sensitive approach should be considered.

Agricultural Overproduction and the Deteriorating Environment

Agricultural Overproduction and the Deteriorating Environment

Overproducing food, while allowing for food security, also disrupt world markets as well as causes immense environmental damage to soil and water supplies.

Humanitarian Governance and the Politics of Celebrity Engagement

Humanitarian Governance and the Politics of Celebrity Engagement

Claims to alleviate suffering by celebrity humanitarians reflect attempts by the neoliberal world order to control and ensure order in the ‘chaotic’ continent of Africa.

A 106-year-old Armenian woman sits in front of her home guarding it with a rifle, in the village of Degh, near the border of Azerbaijan. 1990.

Reconciling Gender in Post-Conflict Societies: Sri Lanka and Sierra Leone

The policy of forcing women to pick between the role of ‘victim’ or ‘soldier’ has denied justice, agency, and rehabilitation to women in post-conflict societies.

Image by J Pellgen

The Myth of Soft Power in Asia

Soft power, unless blended appropriately with hard power, cannot insert influence in international relations and serve as an effective diplomatic tool.

Assessing the Relationship between Power and Morality in Nonviolent Action

Assessing the Relationship between Power and Morality in Nonviolent Action

Nonviolent action can simultaneously be pragmatic in its power to achieve the desired goal and principled by being rooted initially in morality.

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