The ‘proxy wars’ in Africa during the 1970s were unique forms of military intervention, where the heightened significance of ideology was reflected in the main foreign policy objectives .
NATO’s political objective superseded humanitarian considerations. A liberal argument for the primacy of human rights cannot account for NATO’s conduct in Libya.
Though ‘failed states’ continue to pose significant transnational security problems, the emergence of informal actors challenges the assumption of a complete absence of governance.
Though barbaric, heinous, and atrocious, sexual violence is employed when its use makes strategic sense, i.e. is capable of inflicting maximum damage at a low cost and a high pay-off.
This collection of student essays outlines the actions of those involved in anti-piracy missions, and the weaknesses of current policies, in an attempt to forge a more robust understanding of counter-piracy actions.
Violent Peacekeeping: An Evaluation of the Performance of ECOWAS in the First Liberian Civil War (1989-1996)
The first Liberian civil war is a vital prerequisite in understanding just how fallacious the Economic Community of West African States was in its activities before, during, and after the conflict.
Combined with other factors, such as emotional repression and social alienation, shame may manifest itself in the form of extreme violence, as in the case of the Sierra Leone Civil War.
International courts add a substantial dimension to global governance. However, global justice is still far from being realised.