The Russian political structure is neither a homogeneous entity nor an authoritarian system or business oligarchy; instead, it is a complex tripolar system presided over by Putin.
The US still plays a major role in European security, but is gradually concentrating its efforts on the Middle East and Asia, where there is a high probability of future conflicts.
Democratic participation must be considered the most significant feature of a ‘bottom up’ approach to development as it provides accountability, efficiency and stability.
Extremist elites amongst both Hindus and Muslims effectively mobilised the ordinary masses, aligning them to their own interests and harnessing narratives of collective identity.
While consensus is lacking on the US’ role in directly planning the coup, American military and monetary aid were instrumental in Sukarno’s downfall and the outbreak of civil war.
The concept of state failure suffers from inherent over-simplification and is vulnerable to circular arguments that can be misleading to policy-makers targeting contemporary challenges.
Though nuclear capabilities do not necessarily connote military agendas, the possession of nuclear ability naturally stirs concern. As such, India’s nuclear strategy has spawned regional unease.
The Developmental State is usually regarded as one of the most successful models for economic growth. But that model’s success is built upon gender inequalities that hinder progress for women.