Examining the legality of Russia’s claim of ‘intervention by invitation’ & the validity of such a principle when a country fails to respect norms of international law.
The significance today of reassessing the 1938 Munich Agreement lies in the frequent uses of the terms Munich and Appeasemen” with regard to the Iranian nuclear program.
‘Ontological insecurity’ provides a more accurate analysis of Turkey’s Europeanization project as an alternative theoretical perspective to realism and constructivism.
The development of an imperial identity during the Soviet Union, plus the disruption caused by Yeltsin, shaped Russian foreign policy identity even to Putin.
‘Humanitarian military intervention’ is critiqued as a de-politicizing discourse, with four proposals for re-politicization suggested.
Instead of giving an empirical account of the factors that led to Russia’s intervention, it’s important to explore the extent to which IR theory explains such a calculus.
The ‘One Nation’ tradition helped the Conservative Party break ties with the past and place itself in the centre of British politics where most of the voters are.
Europeanisation is a useful but limited concept in explaining the relationship between the EU and its member states.
Beyond providing the regime with a sheen of legitimacy through competing in elections, each of Russia’s main parties play a key role in sustaining the hybrid-regime.
Increasing indebtedness and severe crises caused the Ottoman Empire to lose monetary sovereignty, culminating with the adoption of a limping gold standard.
EU’s major policy implementation problem is widely recognized, and should be combated through continuously combining plurilateral and hierarchical modes of EU governance.
The securitization of migration reinforces a politics of fear and racism.