Europe

Ethnic Reintegration in Post-Conflict Development Strategies

Ethnic Reintegration in Post-Conflict Development Strategies

Encouraging apolitical activities focused around the common concerns of communities holds great potential to foster reconciliation in post-atrocity contexts.

Consolidating New Forms of Citizenship in Turkey

Consolidating New Forms of Citizenship in Turkey

A religion-based, Ottomanistic definition of Turkish identity not only challenges the Kemalist roots of the state but also contributes to a postmodernisation of them.

Have International Interventions Reinforced Ethnic Identities and Divisions?

Have International Interventions Reinforced Ethnic Identities and Divisions?

Often, though not always, the intervening state strengthens ethnic identities, thereby exacerbating ethnic divisions, in its quest to further its own interests.

The Permissive Promise

The Permissive Promise

International law seeks to codify the international playing field. However, it is an essentially elastic & permissive system reflecting real-world power distributions.

Humanitarian Intervention: Advantages and Disadvantages in East Timor and Kosovo

Humanitarian Intervention: Advantages and Disadvantages in East Timor and Kosovo

The intervention in East Timor illustrated how armed force can save lives, but intervention in Kosovo failed to provide a long-term solution and did more harm than good.

Is Sex Work an Expression of Women’s Choice and Agency?

Is Sex Work an Expression of Women’s Choice and Agency?

Sex work is not legitimate work or an expression of agency. It is a social issue which can be tackled through delegitimising consumers rather than alienating prostitutes.

How ‘Westphalian’ is the Westphalian Model?

How ‘Westphalian’ is the Westphalian Model?

The accepted IR narrative about Westphalia is a myth: the Westphalian model has little, if anything, to do with the Peace of Westphalia from which the model derives its name.

What Light can Constructivism Shed on the EU?

What Light can Constructivism Shed on the EU?

Constructivism plays a vital role in EU governance, while rational choice is an ineffective research tool that can be absorbed by the broader diagnostic approach offered by constructivism.

To What Extent Does History Determine the Foreign Policies Of the BRICS?

To What Extent Does History Determine the Foreign Policies Of the BRICS?

The BRICS today are undeniably concerned with creating multipolarity in a globalised world, but the extent to which historical conditions determine their foreign policies remains contested.

The U.S. Pre-Eminence in Post-Cold War Europe: 1990-1991

The U.S. Pre-Eminence in Post-Cold War Europe: 1990-1991

After the end of the Cold War, Washington envisioned American leadership in Europe as a means for stability, both for the future of Europe and for the international system.

The Protection of Fundamental Rights in the EU Post-Lisbon

The Protection of Fundamental Rights in the EU Post-Lisbon

Although, at first sight, it may appear otherwise – the EU’s Lisbon Treaty has made a huge step towards a more sophisticated and improved security of fundamental rights.

Should Kosovo Become Independent?

Should Kosovo Become Independent?

Although current and controversial voices have been raised that Kosovo’s status as an international protectorate must be broken, the question remains: is independence the ultimate solution?