Eastern enlargement was a unique achievement for prosperity and modernisation in Central and Eastern European States and bolstered the EU’s greatest strength: diversity.
The Central Security and Defence Policy attempted to centralise the decision-making process on foreign policy for E.U. members, but a more unified Union is essential.
The lack of democratic consensus amongst the political elite is primarily responsible for the democratic impasse in Russia under the leadership of Putin.
If one denies the right to enter, so too they deny the right to leave; a fair immigration policy is one which employs open borders and relaxed restrictions.
Although the EU is a major civilian and normative power in and through trade, it is conflicted within and faces external challenges from an increasingly multipolar world.
For secession, the balance of rights, despite a shift towards a more ‘liberal’ international law in recent years, should remain in the favour of (just) sovereign states.
Russia’s actions of late are difficult to understand through traditional paradigms, but Huntington’s Clash of Civilization paradigm offers a holistic view of the crisis.
Le Pen has effectively established an unbreakable rapport with her electorate to evolve a radical-right party on the fringes into a mainstream electoral menace.
The framing of immigration in Italian media takes a security, military or economic shape. This problematically ‘others’ & delegitimises those immigrants.
Failed states signal that the Westphalian model lacks empirical support and is a simple political construction that deserves greater theoretical scrutiny.
Although the networked structures of new social movements represent a shift from the hierarchical and centralised forms of previous models, they are not unprecedented.