Soft power, unless blended appropriately with hard power, cannot insert influence in international relations and serve as an effective diplomatic tool.
The publication of TiSA’s negotiating mandate represents an effort to increase transparency, used by negotiators as a stepping stone towards expanding the EU’s win-set.
Fragile national identities can become embodied and even dependent upon flags, and flags will continue to be a major stumbling block to desecuritisation.
The historical context, political landscape, and security environments have advanced/constrained the development of a EU defense policy and potential EU army.
Examining the legality of Russia’s claim of ‘intervention by invitation’ & the validity of such a principle when a country fails to respect norms of international law.
The significance today of reassessing the 1938 Munich Agreement lies in the frequent uses of the terms Munich and Appeasemen” with regard to the Iranian nuclear program.
‘Ontological insecurity’ provides a more accurate analysis of Turkey’s Europeanization project as an alternative theoretical perspective to realism and constructivism.
The development of an imperial identity during the Soviet Union, plus the disruption caused by Yeltsin, shaped Russian foreign policy identity even to Putin.
‘Humanitarian military intervention’ is critiqued as a de-politicizing discourse, with four proposals for re-politicization suggested.
Instead of giving an empirical account of the factors that led to Russia’s intervention, it’s important to explore the extent to which IR theory explains such a calculus.
The ‘One Nation’ tradition helped the Conservative Party break ties with the past and place itself in the centre of British politics where most of the voters are.
Europeanisation is a useful but limited concept in explaining the relationship between the EU and its member states.
Beyond providing the regime with a sheen of legitimacy through competing in elections, each of Russia’s main parties play a key role in sustaining the hybrid-regime.