The success of EU democracy promotion is contingent upon the degree of bargaining power the EU possesses vis-à-vis ‘third countries’.
As the USSR disintegrated, issues emerged over the autonomous republics of the region. The geopolitical shifts that followed allowed leaders to redesign their authority.
Unresolved for so many years, the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict has proved intractable. Ana Daskalova examines the role played by Russia as an external party to the conflict.
Whilst it may be a stretch to call Britain a GIC under Blair, he certainly presided over a distinct change in the use of ethics and morality in FP decisions.
The behaviour of banks preceding the global financial crisis must be understood in relation to the complex interdependencies between agency, institution and structure.
While the Parliament’s powers have increased considerably since 2007, the Lisbon Treaty’s aim to eradicate the democratic deficit in the European Union has not been met.
Challenging the academic consensus, the discussion and application of ripeness theory to concrete cases demonstrates the deficiency of notions of ‘ripe moments’.
The construction of the Berlin Wall was a product of the refugee crisis, challenges to the Khrushchev’s leadership, and the USSR’s failed diplomacy with the West.
No evidence continues to exist that states’ prioritization of security interests over international norms has disrupted the institutions of the human rights regime.
The ‘empty chair crisis’ challenged the view of neo-functionalists and supranationalist policy-makers and is therefore a key event in the course of European Integration.
The number of environmentally displaced people is expected to increase, and the EU has a moral responsibility to grant protection status to climate refugees.
Canada’s military involvement in Europe from 1951-1991 was to protect its diplomatic image, contribute to international security, and protect its economic interests.