Europe (students)

The Legality of Russian Airstrikes in Syria and ‘Intervention by Invitation’

The Legality of Russian Airstrikes in Syria and ‘Intervention by Invitation’

Examining the legality of Russia’s claim of ‘intervention by invitation’ & the validity of such a principle when a country fails to respect norms of international law.

A Reassessment of the Munich Agreement

A Reassessment of the Munich Agreement

The significance today of reassessing the 1938 Munich Agreement lies in the frequent uses of the terms Munich and Appeasemen” with regard to the Iranian nuclear program.

Revisiting Turkey’s Protean Self vs. ‘Other’

Revisiting Turkey’s Protean Self vs. ‘Other’

‘Ontological insecurity’ provides a more accurate analysis of Turkey’s Europeanization project as an alternative theoretical perspective to realism and constructivism.

Putin & Russian Heritage: Russia’s Foreign Policy Identity Since Napoleon

Putin & Russian Heritage: Russia’s Foreign Policy Identity Since Napoleon

The development of an imperial identity during the Soviet Union, plus the disruption caused by Yeltsin, shaped Russian foreign policy identity even to Putin.

Forgetting Politics: The Impossibility of Humanitarian Intervention

Forgetting Politics: The Impossibility of Humanitarian Intervention

‘Humanitarian military intervention’ is critiqued as a de-politicizing discourse, with four proposals for re-politicization suggested.

Explaining Russia’s Intervention in Syria in September 2015

Explaining Russia’s Intervention in Syria in September 2015

Instead of giving an empirical account of the factors that led to Russia’s intervention, it’s important to explore the extent to which IR theory explains such a calculus.

The Conservative Party’s Success and the ‘One Nation’ Tradition

The Conservative Party’s Success and the ‘One Nation’ Tradition

The ‘One Nation’ tradition helped the Conservative Party break ties with the past and place itself in the centre of British politics where most of the voters are.

How Useful is Europeanisation in Explaining EU and Member State Relations?

How Useful is Europeanisation in Explaining EU and Member State Relations?

Europeanisation is a useful but limited concept in explaining the relationship between the EU and its member states.

The Role of Political Parties in Putin’s Hybrid-Regime

The Role of Political Parties in Putin’s Hybrid-Regime

Beyond providing the regime with a sheen of legitimacy through competing in elections, each of Russia’s main parties play a key role in sustaining the hybrid-regime.

Monetary Sovereignty under the Gold Standard – The Case of the Ottoman Empire

Monetary Sovereignty under the Gold Standard – The Case of the Ottoman Empire

Increasing indebtedness and severe crises caused the Ottoman Empire to lose monetary sovereignty, culminating with the adoption of a limping gold standard.

Is There Really a Significant Policy Implementation Problem in the EU?

Is There Really a Significant Policy Implementation Problem in the EU?

EU’s major policy implementation problem is widely recognized, and should be combated through continuously combining plurilateral and hierarchical modes of EU governance.

Implications of the Securitisation of Migration

Implications of the Securitisation of Migration

The securitization of migration reinforces a politics of fear and racism.

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