The criollo elites in New Grenada crafted a complicated and sometimes contradictory ideological endeavor to organize the peoples and territories they aspired to rule.
The arts may hold healing power in transitioning societies, as they provide a means for survivors of atrocities to deal with the past and tell their stories in a creative way.
Neoliberal reforms, a changing workforce, and a dramatic economic downturn in the late 1990s led to a mass overthrow of rightwing incumbents and the ascendency of the left.
The BRICS today are undeniably concerned with creating multipolarity in a globalised world, but the extent to which historical conditions determine their foreign policies remains contested.
Though this study shows that Anderson’s ‘Do No Harm’ can identify the shortcomings in the provision of aid, it also stresses that DNH cannot be entirely applied to every context.
Mexican drug cartels have taken on many functions of the state, and should thus be analysed as political entities. Engaging with them in a political manner should help reduce violence.
The economic implications resulting from the rising Chinese influence in Latin America are differentiated from country to country, but also within each country’s economic sector.
The International Financial Institutions have moved from an ideologically driven approach to one that is more peace-sensitive, promising greater stability in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Latin America is not as politically developed as the West, yet is autonomous enough not to blindly follow Western models. It is set to carve its own path to sustainable democracy.
Realism, taking states as rationally acting units of analysis, fails to adequately account for US foreign policy toward Latin America after the Cuban Revolution in 1959.
Democratic participation must be considered the most significant feature of a ‘bottom up’ approach to development as it provides accountability, efficiency and stability.
Political and economic improvements were made by the Pinochet regime, but the social costs associated with its repression and brutality means it is questionable whether they can really be described as improvements.