Democratic participation must be considered the most significant feature of a ‘bottom up’ approach to development as it provides accountability, efficiency and stability.
Political and economic improvements were made by the Pinochet regime, but the social costs associated with its repression and brutality means it is questionable whether they can really be described as improvements.
While the Cuban Missile Crisis provides some evidence that nuclear weapons act as a deterrent, it would be misleading to assume that a peaceful end was inevitable.
Though the period of La Violencia was tragic and witnessed horrific abuses to human rights, the changes that eventually resulted from it have finally begun to bear fruit for Colombia.
La Violencia was a period of time when extreme violence in Colombia reached an optimum. It gave political strength to the masses to show the oligarchy that they were not going to accept repression.
Argentina miscalculated how, and to what degree, Britain would react. This was the primary reason for Argentina’s failure to gain sovereignty over the Falkland Islands.
As has been seen in Latin America, human rights violations are neither formulaic nor predictable. They are far from universal, as their accessibility is currently limited. Nations must accept their moral obligations to promote human rights.
The response of the U.S. to the Nicaraguan Revolution was a clear example of state-sponsored terrorism, as evidenced by the judgement of the International Court of Justice.