Middle East (students)

Monetary Sovereignty under the Gold Standard – The Case of the Ottoman Empire

Monetary Sovereignty under the Gold Standard – The Case of the Ottoman Empire

Increasing indebtedness and severe crises caused the Ottoman Empire to lose monetary sovereignty, culminating with the adoption of a limping gold standard.

The Three Images of the Syrian Civil War

The Three Images of the Syrian Civil War

Employing Waltz’s three images in ‘Man the State and War’ as a methodological framework helps guide analysis of the Syrian civil war, but fails to provide direct answers.

Revisiting Political Culture: Libyan and Tunisian Post-Revolutionary Transitions

Revisiting Political Culture: Libyan and Tunisian Post-Revolutionary Transitions

Analysing Libya & Tunisia reveals the important role of political culture in their democratic transitions & the pitfalls of applying ‘universal’ democratic institutions.

Is Rentier State Theory Sufficient to Explain the Politics of the UAE?

Is Rentier State Theory Sufficient to Explain the Politics of the UAE?

Because Rentier State Theory insufficiently explains the politics of the UAE, a marrying of Constructivism and RST are needed to best capture the politics of the UAE.

Hasan al-Banna and the Political Ideologisation of Islam in the 20th Century

Hasan al-Banna and the Political Ideologisation of Islam in the 20th Century

Hasan al-Banna, founder of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood, has played a significant role in the political ideologisation of Islam in the twentieth century.

Image by William Murphy

A “Major Terrorist Event” Case Study: Benghazi, Libya on September 11, 2012

The Benghazi attacks ultimately assisted in the ongoing destabilisation of post-Gaddafi Libya, and advanced multiple extremist Islamist causes.

Zambian peacekeepers from the United Nations Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) patrol streets lined with looted items awaiting collection in Abyei, the main town of the disputed Abyei area on the border of Sudan and newly independent South Sudan. In a statement yesterday, the United Nations strongly condemned the burning and looting currently being perpetrated by armed elements in the area, following the seizure of Abyei town by Sudanese Government troops on 20 March.

Evolving Norms: How the Libyan & Syrian Conflicts Have Affected the R2P

Though the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) norm suffered a setback in the wake of the Syria crisis, the 2011 Libyan intervention offers hope & guidance for its evolution.

Why is the Discourse of ‘Islamic Terrorism’ Problematic?

Why is the Discourse of ‘Islamic Terrorism’ Problematic?

The prescribed causal relationship between religion and violence is not only contestable but also alarmingly reductionist.

Image by Qais Alsade

Hassan al-Banna: A Starting Point for Contemporary Islamic Fundamentalism

Al-Banna’s ideas of Islam’s superiority, of his conception of Islam to others, and the monopoly of the absolute truth are the first steps to judge Others as unbelievers.

Hamas and the Women’s Movement: Islamism and Feminism Under Occupation

Hamas and the Women’s Movement: Islamism and Feminism Under Occupation

Hamas’ takeover of Gaza marked a shift in the complex process of preparation for national sovereignty, especially for the Palestinian women’s movement.

Intervention, Rectificatory Justice and Immigration: France and Ben Ali

Intervention, Rectificatory Justice and Immigration: France and Ben Ali

Looking at the example of France and Tunisia, past interference in the political and social life of a country should be considered as a criteria of assessing immigration.

Snake Oil: US Foreign Policy, Afghanistan, and the Cold War

Snake Oil: US Foreign Policy, Afghanistan, and the Cold War

Afghanistan has become a “snake country”: where loyalty can only be rented, solutions are always temporary, and the law of the stronger prevails.