From a well-meaning attempt at humanitarian action following the crises of the 1990s, the Responsibility to Protect has nevertheless become a vehicle for self-interest.
The gendered framing of female Syrian rebels, prevalent in media sources, de-legitimises the political reasoning behind their individual decisions to be involved.
R2P’s power lies in its potential, as an emerging norm, to shift state attitudes to mass atrocity crimes to a legal commitment to protect at risk people around the world.
Digital platforms have enabled a thickening of Gulf civil society, with information flows and enhanced social interaction extending and empowering popular voice.
While the Oil Weapon enjoyed some success, it was ultimately a political debacle, and few of the goals envisioned by the OAPEC states were achieved.
Globalization has reduced the importance of space in geopolitics, but Iraq, Iran and North Korea have developed capabilities to increase the value of space.
Assessing the extent and characteristics of the impact of the “Arab Spring” on the political trajectory of Libya has proven a difficult task.
Britain exhibited a lack of adhesion to the rules and maxims posited by classical COIN theory and subsequently faced many challenges.
By utilising gender as a key conceptual tool of analysis, different dimensions of the impact of the Syrian conflict on displaced populations can be examined.
The existence of legitimate norms & principles within international society did, in fact, exert influence over the US’ behaviour in its 2003 invasion of Iraq.
The USSR’s invasion of Afghanistan was the result of an intertwined set of concerns and interests within Moscow, rather than socialist internationalism or prestige.