Arab nationalism & Islamism, intertwined from birth, grew out of a shared anti-Western identity but the contents & meanings of this rejection are fundamentally different.
The US media’s generalization of the Iran hostage crisis through a liberal, secular, Western democracy lens marred Iran’s image and influenced US responses to the crisis.
Structural violence helps explain oppression of women caused by conflict but a continuation of patriarchal customs & occidentalist/orientalist agendas also contributes.
While Gush Emunim may no longer exist as a movement, its ideologies remain and continue to have a severe and negative impact on Israeli society.
Neorealism’s balance of threat framework and neoliberalism’s focus on issue linkages are still relevant tools to explain NATO’s current involvement in the refugee crisis.
Rather than including more women in peace-building to make positive difference to the processes and outcomes, a gender sensitive approach should be considered.
Despite the mass publicity and local lore about the Islamic State’s uniqueness, the Islamic State vastly resembles previous genocidal regimes.
The alternative cultures and regime types of Iran and North Korea are the main reasons behind the disparate responses to economic sanctions in the 2010s.
‘Strategy’ is a concept Western powers have struggled to define throughout history, and never truly owned. The 2003 Iraq War was a clear embodiment of this struggle.
While Marxism attacks the United States for its greedy intentions in invading Iraq, defensive realism explains why it invaded due to its role as the global superpower.
An evaluation of cost-benefit calculations made by terrorists reveals that the decision to use terrorism is procedurally, though not necessarily substantively, rational.
Examining how structural, societal and internal social factors maintain the legitimacy and durability of authoritarianism in Iran – quelling even the 2009 protests.