Increasing indebtedness and severe crises caused the Ottoman Empire to lose monetary sovereignty, culminating with the adoption of a limping gold standard.
Middle East (students)
Employing Waltz’s three images in ‘Man the State and War’ as a methodological framework helps guide analysis of the Syrian civil war, but fails to provide direct answers.
Analysing Libya & Tunisia reveals the important role of political culture in their democratic transitions & the pitfalls of applying ‘universal’ democratic institutions.
Because Rentier State Theory insufficiently explains the politics of the UAE, a marrying of Constructivism and RST are needed to best capture the politics of the UAE.
Hasan al-Banna, founder of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood, has played a significant role in the political ideologisation of Islam in the twentieth century.
The Benghazi attacks ultimately assisted in the ongoing destabilisation of post-Gaddafi Libya, and advanced multiple extremist Islamist causes.
Though the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) norm suffered a setback in the wake of the Syria crisis, the 2011 Libyan intervention offers hope & guidance for its evolution.
The prescribed causal relationship between religion and violence is not only contestable but also alarmingly reductionist.
Al-Banna’s ideas of Islam’s superiority, of his conception of Islam to others, and the monopoly of the absolute truth are the first steps to judge Others as unbelievers.
Hamas’ takeover of Gaza marked a shift in the complex process of preparation for national sovereignty, especially for the Palestinian women’s movement.
Looking at the example of France and Tunisia, past interference in the political and social life of a country should be considered as a criteria of assessing immigration.
Afghanistan has become a “snake country”: where loyalty can only be rented, solutions are always temporary, and the law of the stronger prevails.