Middle East

Are Arab Nationalism and Islamism Two Sides of the Same Coin?

Are Arab Nationalism and Islamism Two Sides of the Same Coin?

Arab nationalism & Islamism, intertwined from birth, grew out of a shared anti-Western identity but the contents & meanings of this rejection are fundamentally different.

The Fateful 52: How the American Media Sensationalized the Iran Hostage Crisis

The Fateful 52: How the American Media Sensationalized the Iran Hostage Crisis

The US media’s generalization of the Iran hostage crisis through a liberal, secular, Western democracy lens marred Iran’s image and influenced US responses to the crisis.

How Does Violence Against Women Manifest? The Case of Post-Conflict Afghanistan

How Does Violence Against Women Manifest? The Case of Post-Conflict Afghanistan

Structural violence helps explain oppression of women caused by conflict but a continuation of patriarchal customs & occidentalist/orientalist agendas also contributes.

Image by Rusty Stewart

The Impact of Gush Emunim on the Social and Political Fabric of Israeli Society

While Gush Emunim may no longer exist as a movement, its ideologies remain and continue to have a severe and negative impact on Israeli society.

Revisiting the Neo-Neo Debate: NATO Involvement in the Refugee Crisis

Revisiting the Neo-Neo Debate: NATO Involvement in the Refugee Crisis

Neorealism’s balance of threat framework and neoliberalism’s focus on issue linkages are still relevant tools to explain NATO’s current involvement in the refugee crisis.

Does the Inclusion of Women in Peace Building Processes Make a Difference?

Does the Inclusion of Women in Peace Building Processes Make a Difference?

Rather than including more women in peace-building to make positive difference to the processes and outcomes, a gender sensitive approach should be considered.

Examining Islamic State’s Mechanisms to Carry Out Genocide in Iraq

Examining Islamic State’s Mechanisms to Carry Out Genocide in Iraq

Despite the mass publicity and local lore about the Islamic State’s uniqueness, the Islamic State vastly resembles previous genocidal regimes.

Image By NViktor

Why Have Iran and North Korea Had Different Nuclear Postures to Sanctions?

The alternative cultures and regime types of Iran and North Korea are the main reasons behind the disparate responses to economic sanctions in the 2010s.

Have Western Powers Lost the Art of Strategy?

Have Western Powers Lost the Art of Strategy?

‘Strategy’ is a concept Western powers have struggled to define throughout history, and never truly owned. The 2003 Iraq War was a clear embodiment of this struggle.

The US Invasion of Iraq: Marxist and Defensive Realist Perspectives

The US Invasion of Iraq: Marxist and Defensive Realist Perspectives

While Marxism attacks the United States for its greedy intentions in invading Iraq, defensive realism explains why it invaded due to its role as the global superpower.

Is the Use of Terrorism Rational?

Is the Use of Terrorism Rational?

An evaluation of cost-benefit calculations made by terrorists reveals that the decision to use terrorism is procedurally, though not necessarily substantively, rational.

The Resilience of Authoritarianism in Iran After the 2009 Election

The Resilience of Authoritarianism in Iran After the 2009 Election

Examining how structural, societal and internal social factors maintain the legitimacy and durability of authoritarianism in Iran – quelling even the 2009 protests.

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