International Security

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Japan in the Interwar Years: What Caused the Japanese Invasion of China?

Japan in the Interwar Years: What Caused the Japanese Invasion of China?

The intractability of the Japanese army, coupled with defiance of Chinese nationalism, ultimately led to a devastating conflict that resulted in the deaths of millions.

990423-N-9015B-001
Aboard USS Theodore Roosevelt (April 23,1999) -- An S-3 "Viking" returns to the busy flight deck of the USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN 71) following a strike mission. Roosevelt and its embarked carrier air wing are participating in strike missions against the former Yugoslavia in support of NATO Operation Allied Force.  U.S. Navy photo by Photographer's Mate 2nd Class Jonathan R. Byrd  (RELEASED)

Was NATO’s decision to militarily intervene in the Kosovo War a ‘last resort’?

The ambiguity of the Just War Theory in the case of NATO’s military intervention in Kosovo has resulted into divided and opposing interpretations.

WARSAW, Poland (July 8, 2016) President Barack Obama and President of Poland Andrzej Duda address press as Secretary of Defense Ash Carter and Secretary of State John Kerry  look on at the 2016 NATO summit in Warsaw, Poland July 8, 2016. (DoD photo by Navy Petty Officer 1st Class Tim D. Godbee)(credit:Ash Carter)

Has Obama Delivered Change Or Continuity In US Foreign Policy?

As Obama departs office, his ability to deliver change and attitude to foreign policies is retrospectively assessed.

Economic Interdependence and Conflict – The Case of the US and China

Economic Interdependence and Conflict – The Case of the US and China

The liberal assumption that high levels of trade and investment between two states like the US and China will make war unlikely, if not impossible, is overly simplistic.

When to Hire a Hitman: A Theoretical Framework for Just Assassination

When to Hire a Hitman: A Theoretical Framework for Just Assassination

With the exponential rise of civilian casualties in modern warfare, political assassination could serve as an effective, more ‘humane’ means of humanitarian intervention.

Terrorism and the PLO: The Effectiveness of Terrorism as a Political Tool

Terrorism and the PLO: The Effectiveness of Terrorism as a Political Tool

The example of the PLO’s terrorist campaign against Israel demonstrates that terrorism is unlikely to be an effective tool to achieve political goals.

Factors Behind Deteriorating Sino-Japanese Relations

Factors Behind Deteriorating Sino-Japanese Relations

Incidents such as territorial disputes and nationalist protests are but symptoms of deeper undercurrents at work in deteriorating Sino-Japanese relations.

Kunarac: Defining Rape under International Criminal Law

Kunarac: Defining Rape under International Criminal Law

The Kunarac case represented the international community’s willingness to recognise women’s vulnerability to mass atrocities.

Dying to Bomb: An Interactive Triangular Approach to Suicide Terrorism

Dying to Bomb: An Interactive Triangular Approach to Suicide Terrorism

Suicide terrorism can only be found in an interactive triangular framework involving organisation, individual and society.

False Victimisation Narratives: Female Suicide Bombers of the Developing World

False Victimisation Narratives: Female Suicide Bombers of the Developing World

The dominant discourse surrounding female suicide bombers is discursive and reductive. It silences the diversity of motivations associated with female participation.

A Theoretical Analysis of Russian Foreign Policy: Changes Under Vladimir Putin

A Theoretical Analysis of Russian Foreign Policy: Changes Under Vladimir Putin

Russian foreign policy is largely influenced by Putin’s desire to remain in power and the need to contain domestic restructurings through securing domestic support.

Preemptive Self-Defense, Customary International Law, and the Congolese Wars

Preemptive self-defence was cited by Rwanda and Uganda during the two Congolese Wars, presenting some significant questions for international law.

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