International Security

Tip: use the search box on the right and enter keywords to help locate essays on the exact subject within the field of security that you are seeking, such as ‘terrorism’ or ‘intelligence’.

Factors Behind Deteriorating Sino-Japanese Relations

Factors Behind Deteriorating Sino-Japanese Relations

Incidents such as territorial disputes and nationalist protests are but symptoms of deeper undercurrents at work in deteriorating Sino-Japanese relations.

Kunarac: Defining Rape under International Criminal Law

Kunarac: Defining Rape under International Criminal Law

The Kunarac case represented the international community’s willingness to recognise women’s vulnerability to mass atrocities.

Dying to Bomb: An Interactive Triangular Approach to Suicide Terrorism

Dying to Bomb: An Interactive Triangular Approach to Suicide Terrorism

Suicide terrorism can only be found in an interactive triangular framework involving organisation, individual and society.

False Victimisation Narratives: Female Suicide Bombers of the Developing World

False Victimisation Narratives: Female Suicide Bombers of the Developing World

The dominant discourse surrounding female suicide bombers is discursive and reductive. It silences the diversity of motivations associated with female participation.

A Theoretical Analysis of Russian Foreign Policy: Changes Under Vladimir Putin

A Theoretical Analysis of Russian Foreign Policy: Changes Under Vladimir Putin

Russian foreign policy is largely influenced by Putin’s desire to remain in power and the need to contain domestic restructurings through securing domestic support.

Preemptive Self-Defense, Customary International Law, and the Congolese Wars

Preemptive Self-Defense, Customary International Law, and the Congolese Wars

Preemptive self-defence was cited by Rwanda and Uganda during the two Congolese Wars, presenting some significant questions for international law.

Are Arab Nationalism and Islamism Two Sides of the Same Coin?

Are Arab Nationalism and Islamism Two Sides of the Same Coin?

Arab nationalism & Islamism, intertwined from birth, grew out of a shared anti-Western identity but the contents & meanings of this rejection are fundamentally different.

Applying Jus Ad Bellum in Cyberspace

Applying Jus Ad Bellum in Cyberspace

Existing law governing jus ad bellum does not satisfactorily address the unique characteristics of cyber attacks.

Critical Terrorism Studies – A Case of Overemphasising the Discursive?

Critical Terrorism Studies – A Case of Overemphasising the Discursive?

Evaluations of the two commitments of Critical Terrorism Studies – acting as a normative tool on one hand and an analytical tool on the other – has to be done separately.

Gacaca court in Rwamagana district. A ma n accusing another

Truth Commissions and the Mental Health of Victims

Testifying before truth-telling mechanisms, such as truth commissions and gacaca, can cause psychological harm to the participants.

US-China Relations in Cyberspace: The Benefits and Limits of a Realist Analysis

US-China Relations in Cyberspace: The Benefits and Limits of a Realist Analysis

Offensive realism provides a useful framework for considering the national security rivalry in cyberspace and illuminates the current security competition.

Banners showing the flag of Japan

Japan: The ‘Normal’ Pacifist

Tokyo’s pacifism is best understood not as a capitulating monolithic anomaly, but as one enduring component of a multifaceted and eclectic strategic calculus.

Please Consider Donating

Before you download your free e-book, please consider donating to support open access publishing.

E-IR is an independent non-profit publisher run by an all volunteer team. Your donations allow us to invest in new open access titles and pay our bandwidth bills to ensure we keep our existing titles free to view. Any amount, in any currency, is appreciated. Many thanks!

Donations are voluntary and not required to download the e-book - your link to download is below.