War on Terror drone policies problematise classic Just War (JW) approaches. However, JW-inspired international law has the ability to ensure accountability.
International law seeks to codify the international playing field. However, it is an essentially elastic & permissive system reflecting real-world power distributions.
By sponsoring the mujahidin, the US and Pakistan empowered an ideology and movement that encouraged tensions within the Muslim political communities of the Persian Gulf.
The transformation of the Syrian Civil War from a bipolar to a tripolar conflict came from incompatible visions of Syria’s future within the Syrian Resistance Coalition.
Whilst the deployment of female engagement teams in Afghanistan may have signaled a symbolic change in how COIN is practiced, their existence plays only a supporting role.
The French intervention in Mali is a testament to securitization theory’s prowess in challenging, and more significantly, critiquing modern conceptualizations of security.
An agreed definition of terrorism is needed. This definition should consider state-actors, the wider targets, and desire for behavior-motivation that underlies its motives.
In trying to improve the actions of both terrorist organisations and INGOs working in intra-state conflicts, policy makers need to change the incentives driving these actors.
The United States has not overestimated the biological weapons threat, and its biodefense measures, as expressed through current policy and funding decisions, are warranted.
A myth of torture is represented on 24, outlining the practice as physically effective and justified to fight terrorism. This has impacted American attitudes and beliefs over time.
Targeted killing without regard to due process is no more than extra-judicial executions. The international community should put in place a legal framework to govern targeted killing.
The corruption-terrorism relationship illustrates that security threats are constantly evolving, transformed by their own nature and government responses.