The transformation of the Syrian Civil War from a bipolar to a tripolar conflict came from incompatible visions of Syria’s future within the Syrian Resistance Coalition.
States & Global Governance
Despite facing problems with development and achieving the high standards prescribed its constitution, South Africa still has the attributes of a liberal democracy.
In contrast to Neorealist framings, there are clear indications that intersubjective meanings and social identities shape the international system in multiple ways.
Lacking internal coherence, Mearsheimer’s theory ultimately fails to provide a logically consistent basis for the view that China’s rise will be unpeaceful.
The causes and effects of performative violence are linked, and include intimidation, social and material control, social cohesion and communication, and structural violence.
IFFs hamstring the efforts of African states to pursue poverty alleviation and economic development, thus addressing IFFs and their impacts should be a priority for UNECA.
An agreed definition of terrorism is needed. This definition should consider state-actors, the wider targets, and desire for behavior-motivation that underlies its motives.
Cultural relativism and universalism have yet to overcome cultural traditions which result in human harm. By balancing the two, there is potential for progress.
Capitalism, through catalysts such as neoliberal institutions, imperial states, and multinational corporations, has not created security but has rather perpetuated insecurity.
To explain why states are compelled to justify their behaviour according to norms, the best approach is to interpret the issue as a process that considers all theories.
The jus ad bellum principles show that the intervention in Libya was justified, and offers an example of how to respond to the idea of civilian protection.
It remains to be seen if China will achieve more than to insert themselves into an existing bilateral relationship between Africa and the West, converting it into a triangular one.