An appropriate electoral system is essential to securing stability in a divided society, as it can encourage inclusion and moderate policies.
Capitalism is susceptible to cycles of boom and bust. While the current crisis is not as severe as the Great Depression, forecasts do not suggest a clear or quick path to recovery.
International migration could reduce overall economic inequalities between countries, but when considering changes within countries the results do not seem to be wholly positive.
Democratic participation must be considered the most significant feature of a ‘bottom up’ approach to development as it provides accountability, efficiency and stability.
National security is often seen as the defence of state borders, but it concerns the protection of citizens and the rule of law, and thus should not be separated from human security.
Although the Arab Uprisings offered an opportunity for the EU to revise its approach toward its neighbourhood and shape the region to its advantage, the new ENP fails to deliver this goal.
The concept of state failure suffers from inherent over-simplification and is vulnerable to circular arguments that can be misleading to policy-makers targeting contemporary challenges.
Aid remains one of the EU’s most important means of imposing itself in the world, and can be more effective when combined with other tools in a favourable domestic context.