Diplomacy

Accounting for the Failure of Russia to Consolidate Democracy

Accounting for the Failure of Russia to Consolidate Democracy

The lack of democratic consensus amongst the political elite is primarily responsible for the democratic impasse in Russia under the leadership of Putin.

Presidential War Powers in Vietnam

Presidential War Powers in Vietnam

With Johnson’s executive mandate for war and Nixon’s justification of executive authority, the Vietnam War set a dangerous precedent for presidential war powers.

The Challenges of British Counterinsurgency in Helmand – Why did it go so Wrong?

The Challenges of British Counterinsurgency in Helmand – Why did it go so Wrong?

Britain exhibited a lack of adhesion to the rules and maxims posited by classical COIN theory and subsequently faced many challenges.

Walter Mondale and the Recalibration of the Vice Presidency

Walter Mondale and the Recalibration of the Vice Presidency

Mondale generated a new institutional model for the vice presidency, which expanded and strengthened the role, while leaving it accountable to the President.

Are Economic Sanctions a Viable Strategy for Coercing Another State?

Are Economic Sanctions a Viable Strategy for Coercing Another State?

Economic sanctions fail in most of their major ambitions, and their ethical justifications are based on a distorted form of consequentialist ethics.

‘Material Breach': A Valid Justification for Military Intervention in Iraq?

‘Material Breach': A Valid Justification for Military Intervention in Iraq?

The concept of ‘material breach’ was used as a political tool to justify military action in Iraq in 2003 by the U.S. and U.K., as opposed to a legal justification.

Machiavelli on the Use of Immoral Means in Politics

Machiavelli on the Use of Immoral Means in Politics

If a political prince’s primary purpose is to maintain his leadership, he must develop the capability of appropriately using immoral methods when necessary.
 

Non-Western Perspectives on Constitutional Supremacy

Non-Western Perspectives on Constitutional Supremacy

Greater flexibility, vulnerability, and uncertainty differentiate constitutional supremacy in non-Western countries such as Turkey and India from Western nations.

Victim-Politics and Post-Conflict Foreign Policy in Rwanda and Sri Lanka

Victim-Politics and Post-Conflict Foreign Policy in Rwanda and Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka and Rwanda elicit a sense of victimhood upon which their respective foreign policies have been built.

The ICC and Africa: Complementarity, Transitional Justice, and the Rule of Law

The ICC and Africa: Complementarity, Transitional Justice, and the Rule of Law

The absence of preemptive and positive complementarity in the ICC’s proceedings is the largest obstacle to creating a lasting benefit for African state judicial systems.

Is Democracy a Cause of Peace?

Is Democracy a Cause of Peace?

As the causal mechanisms and positivist epistemology underpinning it are questionable, the democratic peace should be understood as part of a more complex causal process.

Snowden on Screen at SXSW: Visual Irruptions of State Self-Image

Snowden on Screen at SXSW: Visual Irruptions of State Self-Image

The Snowden leaks and their framing reveal how aesthetic irruptions can destabilize the self-image and ultimately the ontological security of the state.