The Islamic State (IS) is a hybrid organization which has characteristics of various non-state actors and has signs of a nascent de facto state.
Abraham Lincoln and the Civil War represent a number of restraining measures on the executive that may not give him complete unilateral power in emergency situations.
The rebalancing by the United States towards the South Pacific is less about containment and is more about competitive engagement in the region.
The Internet has had a positive impact on the provision of the normative good of democratic self-determination and participation in the Russian Federation.
Increasing economic interdependence between states and the emerging multipolar world order limit the United States in world politics.
The news media has significant power as an intermediary between a state’s foreign policy apparatus and a state’s polis.
Historical animosity has been a major factor in Sino–Japanese tensions, but strategic regional objectives remain their primary motivator.
While the Oil Weapon enjoyed some success, it was ultimately a political debacle, and few of the goals envisioned by the OAPEC states were achieved.
The lack of democratic consensus amongst the political elite is primarily responsible for the democratic impasse in Russia under the leadership of Putin.
With Johnson’s executive mandate for war and Nixon’s justification of executive authority, the Vietnam War set a dangerous precedent for presidential war powers.
Britain exhibited a lack of adhesion to the rules and maxims posited by classical COIN theory and subsequently faced many challenges.
Mondale generated a new institutional model for the vice presidency, which expanded and strengthened the role, while leaving it accountable to the President.