The transformation of the Syrian Civil War from a bipolar to a tripolar conflict came from incompatible visions of Syria’s future within the Syrian Resistance Coalition.
The focus of international law has traditionally been inter-state relations. But this classic conception fails to adequately deal with contemporary circumstances.
If the international community maintains a positive role and domestic pushes for human rights are legitimised by international law, they could yet become universal.
Despite the US’ claims of self-defence and terrorist eradication, it can be argued that the NATO invasion of Afghanistan in October 2001 was not legal under international law.
Japan and China reacted differently to pressure from the West in the 19th century: Japan opened trade with the West and modernized successfully, neither of which China did.
Chinese – US diplomacy in 1972 would have been impossible without Mao’s permission. The historical influences of the talks illuminate the importance of Mao on China’s decisions.
The West’s increasingly aggressive nature of exporting liberalism is actually working to delegitimize its own hegemony, creating cracks in the self-perpetuating liberal world order.
While socio-economic relations encourage a peaceful era in the short to medium term, political realism severely constrains the development of these relations the in the long term.
The Dayton Peace Accords’ dysfunctionality does not originate in the consociational and confederal framework it proposes, but from the wider failings of external state-building projects
Since World War II, the United Kingdom and the United States have enjoyed an extremely close “special relationship” in the areas of military intervention, defense, and the economy.
Depleted uranium is often used as armor and armor-piercing ammunition in military conflict; however, it is also an extremely dangerous toxin and environmental pollutant.
Could the Iranian acquisition of nuclear weapons spark an arms race in the Middle East? The Waltzian theory of Cold War nuclear relations shows that claims for a ‘new’ Cold War are insufficient.