In contrast to Neorealist framings, there are clear indications that intersubjective meanings and social identities shape the international system in multiple ways.
The causes and effects of performative violence are linked, and include intimidation, social and material control, social cohesion and communication, and structural violence.
Cultural relativism and universalism have yet to overcome cultural traditions which result in human harm. By balancing the two, there is potential for progress.
To explain why states are compelled to justify their behaviour according to norms, the best approach is to interpret the issue as a process that considers all theories.
Constructivism plays a vital role in EU governance, while rational choice is an ineffective research tool that can be absorbed by the broader diagnostic approach offered by constructivism.
Although current and controversial voices have been raised that Kosovo’s status as an international protectorate must be broken, the question remains: is independence the ultimate solution?
Although the process of globalization tries to make the world as “one”, awakened minorities, nationalities, and localities have begun to see it as a threat to their identities.
Compared to the Cultural Revolution, had there been increased foreign support, the New Life Movement could have been a defining doctrine of Modern China, not a blip on the history books.
Rather than as a consistent and self-standing construction, ethical foreign policy is dependent upon the underlying domestic and political context of the State in question.
Has hospitality in the Middle East, especially in Dubai, been changed as a result of the construction of new cities, or has it merely shifted to accommodate a new type of guest?
Understanding the evolution of Jewish and Arab consciousness, in its emergence through a socio-political nationalism, allows for a more profound understanding of the status quo.
Though it has been argued that China will democratize in the near future, only time will tell whether the elites will perceive the benefits of democracy as outweighing the costs.