NGOs and IGOs

The Emergence and Cascading of Pope Francis’ Norm of Social Justice

The Emergence and Cascading of Pope Francis’ Norm of Social Justice

Since Pope Francis has restated the importance of social justice, this norm is going through a ‘life cycle’, and Catholics are beginning to accept and act upon it.

How Have Illicit Drug Trade Networks Undermined Colombia’s Development?

How Have Illicit Drug Trade Networks Undermined Colombia’s Development?

Colombia and international actors must begin tapping into a development policy that recognises the need to bridge political and civil society.

To What Extent is the EU a Power In and Through Trade?

To What Extent is the EU a Power In and Through Trade?

Although the EU is a major civilian and normative power in and through trade, it is conflicted within and faces external challenges from an increasingly multipolar world.

Legitimacy and the US-led Invasion of Iraq

Legitimacy and the US-led Invasion of Iraq

The existence of legitimate norms & principles within international society did, in fact, exert influence over the US’ behaviour in its 2003 invasion of Iraq.

Does Free Trade Undermine International Rules Protecting the Environment?

Does Free Trade Undermine International Rules Protecting the Environment?

The WTO undermines international environmental rules. Yet, the WTO’s decisions comply with the mandates for which it operates which do not cover environmental protection.

Victim-Politics and Post-Conflict Foreign Policy in Rwanda and Sri Lanka

Victim-Politics and Post-Conflict Foreign Policy in Rwanda and Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka and Rwanda elicit a sense of victimhood upon which their respective foreign policies have been built.

Nigeria’s “Resource Curse”: Oil as Impediment to True Federalism

Nigeria’s “Resource Curse”: Oil as Impediment to True Federalism

Whilst Nigeria’s history of colonialism can partly explain the difficulties of achieving a functioning federalism, its ‘resource course’ is also a significant hindrance.

The ICC and Africa: Complementarity, Transitional Justice, and the Rule of Law

The ICC and Africa: Complementarity, Transitional Justice, and the Rule of Law

The absence of preemptive and positive complementarity in the ICC’s proceedings is the largest obstacle to creating a lasting benefit for African state judicial systems.

The Economy is Organic: Reclaiming the Post-Crisis Development Agenda

The Economy is Organic: Reclaiming the Post-Crisis Development Agenda

To correctly assess contemporary reevaluations of development theory, we must understand its origins and their effect on how the global community views development today.

Global Governance and the Democratic Aspect of Cross-Border Communications

Global Governance and the Democratic Aspect of Cross-Border Communications

The technological intensification of the communication channels across the globe will trigger the need for governing the democratic aspect of cross-border communications.

Christian Traditional Values Prefiguring the Development of Human Rights

Christian Traditional Values Prefiguring the Development of Human Rights

The global expression of human rights found in the UDHR contains an implicit touch of Christian values.

UN Peacekeeping: Bangladesh, India and Pakistan’s Troop Contributions

UN Peacekeeping: Bangladesh, India and Pakistan’s Troop Contributions

From a realist perspective, the impressive devotion of top-troop contributors to UN Peacekeeping is rooted in several political, professional, and economic motivations.