Although it exhibits certain state-like qualities, the Islamic State is rejected as an official, independent, and sovereign state under international law.
Non-State Actors (students)
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The behaviour of banks preceding the global financial crisis must be understood in relation to the complex interdependencies between agency, institution and structure.
Challenging the academic consensus, the discussion and application of ripeness theory to concrete cases demonstrates the deficiency of notions of ‘ripe moments’.
Despite the criticism and contested opinions on PMCs, particular examples have proven that they are an efficient way of meeting the demand for security.
The construction of the Berlin Wall was a product of the refugee crisis, challenges to the Khrushchev’s leadership, and the USSR’s failed diplomacy with the West.
No evidence continues to exist that states’ prioritization of security interests over international norms has disrupted the institutions of the human rights regime.
Though the Iraq War seems to be much more divisive than the global “war on terror”, the transatlantic relationship continues to exist and cooperate.
The number of environmentally displaced people is expected to increase, and the EU has a moral responsibility to grant protection status to climate refugees.
ROs do not provide a credible alternative to the UN because the advantages are far outstripped by serious financial, logistical, and political obstacles they face.
The EU and the US are increasingly portraying immigrant populations as threats to a nation’s security both in physical and figurative senses.
The humanitarian intervention taking place in Iraq/Syria is demonstrative of a cosmopolitan understanding of human rights and norms within the international community.
While some view the Bali Package as a much needed life-line for the WTO, critics note that the agreement papers over the tough issues that the WTO will face later on.