R2P’s power lies in its potential, as an emerging norm, to shift state attitudes to mass atrocity crimes to a legal commitment to protect at risk people around the world.
NGOs and IGOs
While their natural aspects and influences should not be disregarded, famine and starvation must be viewed primarily as a breakdown in social and political systems.
Structural Adjustment Policies were, rather than effective engines for economic development, in fact an smokescreen for the promotion and spread of global capitalism.
A strong global non-governmental sector enhances the accountability of international decision-making and promotes global democratic processes.
Since Pope Francis has restated the importance of social justice, this norm is going through a ‘life cycle’, and Catholics are beginning to accept and act upon it.
Colombia and international actors must begin tapping into a development policy that recognises the need to bridge political and civil society.
Although the EU is a major civilian and normative power in and through trade, it is conflicted within and faces external challenges from an increasingly multipolar world.
The existence of legitimate norms & principles within international society did, in fact, exert influence over the US’ behaviour in its 2003 invasion of Iraq.
The WTO undermines international environmental rules. Yet, the WTO’s decisions comply with the mandates for which it operates which do not cover environmental protection.
Sri Lanka and Rwanda elicit a sense of victimhood upon which their respective foreign policies have been built.
Whilst Nigeria’s history of colonialism can partly explain the difficulties of achieving a functioning federalism, its ‘resource course’ is also a significant hindrance.