Non-State Actors (students)

Tip: use the search box on the right and enter keywords to help locate essays on the exact organization that you are seeking such as ‘UN’ or ‘EU’

Neo-Nationalism in the Foreign Policy of the Putin/Medvedev Regime

Neo-Nationalism in the Foreign Policy of the Putin/Medvedev Regime

Neo-nationalist rhetoric & symbolism, especially of Russia as a great power (Velikaya Derzhava), is central to the foreign policy strategy of the Putin/Medvedev regime.

Have Western Powers Lost the Art of Strategy?

Have Western Powers Lost the Art of Strategy?

‘Strategy’ is a concept Western powers have struggled to define throughout history, and never truly owned. The 2003 Iraq War was a clear embodiment of this struggle.

A 106-year-old Armenian woman sits in front of her home guarding it with a rifle, in the village of Degh, near the border of Azerbaijan. 1990.

Reconciling Gender in Post-Conflict Societies: Sri Lanka and Sierra Leone

The policy of forcing women to pick between the role of ‘victim’ or ‘soldier’ has denied justice, agency, and rehabilitation to women in post-conflict societies.

Image by J Pellgen

The Myth of Soft Power in Asia

Soft power, unless blended appropriately with hard power, cannot insert influence in international relations and serve as an effective diplomatic tool.

Mandate Disclosure in EU Trade Negotiations: The Case of TiSA

Mandate Disclosure in EU Trade Negotiations: The Case of TiSA

The publication of TiSA’s negotiating mandate represents an effort to increase transparency, used by negotiators as a stepping stone towards expanding the EU’s win-set.

Upgrading the United Nations Environmental Programme to Meet the Needs of the 21st Century

Upgrading the United Nations Environmental Programme to Meet the Needs of the 21st Century

Pressure should be increased to create a strong international organisation that harnesses political will and keeps on the path to mitigating the effects of climate change.

Can Flags ‘Speak Security’?

Can Flags ‘Speak Security’?

Fragile national identities can become embodied and even dependent upon flags, and flags will continue to be a major stumbling block to desecuritisation.

Assessing the Relationship between Power and Morality in Nonviolent Action

Assessing the Relationship between Power and Morality in Nonviolent Action

Nonviolent action can simultaneously be pragmatic in its power to achieve the desired goal and principled by being rooted initially in morality.

A Gendered Critique of the Role of Spectacular Violence in Al Qaeda

A Gendered Critique of the Role of Spectacular Violence in Al Qaeda

Al Qaeda’s construction of masculinity has given meaning to the use of spectacular violence as a tool for the restoration of a damaged sense of masculinity.

The Legality of Russian Airstrikes in Syria and ‘Intervention by Invitation’

The Legality of Russian Airstrikes in Syria and ‘Intervention by Invitation’

Examining the legality of Russia’s claim of ‘intervention by invitation’ & the validity of such a principle when a country fails to respect norms of international law.

The Crime-Terror Nexus: Ideology’s Misleading Role in Islamist Terrorist Groups

The Crime-Terror Nexus: Ideology’s Misleading Role in Islamist Terrorist Groups

The Salafist-Jihadist ideology in modern terrorist groups, such as ISIS and Al Qaeda, serves as a disguise for the criminal motivations of money, power, and status.

Allison’s Slow “Waltz” with Structure in Foreign Policy Analysis

Allison’s Slow “Waltz” with Structure in Foreign Policy Analysis

Graham Allison’s Bureaucratic Politics model suggests that structure also operates within the framework of a sub-unit system, thus diminishing levels of agency.

Domestic Violence as Everyday Terrorism: Bride Kidnapping in Kyrgyzstan

Domestic Violence as Everyday Terrorism: Bride Kidnapping in Kyrgyzstan

Seeing bride kidnapping and domestic violence as everyday terrorism unpacks the political nature of so-called “private” phenomena and how they reify patriarchal society.

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