NGOs and IGOs

Conditional Development: Ghana Crippled by Structural Adjustment Programmes

Conditional Development: Ghana Crippled by Structural Adjustment Programmes

IMF- and World Bank-led debt relief was implemented to benefit the world capitalist system despite violating human rights throughout the Global South.

Evaluating Ecuador’s Decision to Abandon the Yasuni-Itt Initiative

Evaluating Ecuador’s Decision to Abandon the Yasuni-Itt Initiative

The lack of democracy associated with the decision-making process to drill Block ITT has fuelled a high degree of currently ongoing civil discontent in Ecuador.

United Nations Personnel in the Democratic Republic of Congo

United Nations Personnel in the Democratic Republic of Congo

New guidelines for determining the applicability of international humanitarian law to United Nations peace operations are both necessary and urgent.

‘R2P’ as an Emerging Norm

‘R2P’ as an Emerging Norm

R2P’s power lies in its potential, as an emerging norm, to shift state attitudes to mass atrocity crimes to a legal commitment to protect at risk people around the world.

Starvation: A Political Phenomenon

Starvation: A Political Phenomenon

While their natural aspects and influences should not be disregarded, famine and starvation must be viewed primarily as a breakdown in social and political systems.

Did Structural Adjustment Programmes Assist African Development?

Did Structural Adjustment Programmes Assist African Development?

Structural Adjustment Policies were, rather than effective engines for economic development, in fact an smokescreen for the promotion and spread of global capitalism.

The Role of Global Civil Society in Bringing Global Democratic Order

The Role of Global Civil Society in Bringing Global Democratic Order

A strong global non-governmental sector enhances the accountability of international decision-making and promotes global democratic processes.

The Emergence and Cascading of Pope Francis’ Norm of Social Justice

The Emergence and Cascading of Pope Francis’ Norm of Social Justice

Since Pope Francis has restated the importance of social justice, this norm is going through a ‘life cycle’, and Catholics are beginning to accept and act upon it.

How Have Illicit Drug Trade Networks Undermined Colombia’s Development?

How Have Illicit Drug Trade Networks Undermined Colombia’s Development?

Colombia and international actors must begin tapping into a development policy that recognises the need to bridge political and civil society.

To What Extent is the EU a Power In and Through Trade?

To What Extent is the EU a Power In and Through Trade?

Although the EU is a major civilian and normative power in and through trade, it is conflicted within and faces external challenges from an increasingly multipolar world.

Legitimacy and the US-led Invasion of Iraq

Legitimacy and the US-led Invasion of Iraq

The existence of legitimate norms & principles within international society did, in fact, exert influence over the US’ behaviour in its 2003 invasion of Iraq.