Non-State Actors (students)

Tip: use the search box on the right and enter keywords to help locate essays on the exact organization that you are seeking such as ‘UN’ or ‘EU’

Image by Rusty Stewart

The Impact of Gush Emunim on the Social and Political Fabric of Israeli Society

While Gush Emunim may no longer exist as a movement, its ideologies remain and continue to have a severe and negative impact on Israeli society.

Revisiting the Neo-Neo Debate: NATO Involvement in the Refugee Crisis

Revisiting the Neo-Neo Debate: NATO Involvement in the Refugee Crisis

Neorealism’s balance of threat framework and neoliberalism’s focus on issue linkages are still relevant tools to explain NATO’s current involvement in the refugee crisis.

Simmel’s Spatiality and the Construction of the National Sphere

Simmel’s Spatiality and the Construction of the National Sphere

Simmel’s framework enables us to dismantle the process of territorialising national identity in inscribing it in space, thus drawing a difference between us and them.

The Murder of Farkhunda Malikzada – Identity Challenges in Afghanistan

The Murder of Farkhunda Malikzada – Identity Challenges in Afghanistan

The public lynching of Farkhunda Malikzada demonstrated more than ‘Radical Islam’ but also the challenges to identity in post-Taliban Afghanistan.

Examining Islamic State’s Mechanisms to Carry Out Genocide in Iraq

Examining Islamic State’s Mechanisms to Carry Out Genocide in Iraq

Despite the mass publicity and local lore about the Islamic State’s uniqueness, the Islamic State vastly resembles previous genocidal regimes.

Have Western Powers Lost the Art of Strategy?

Have Western Powers Lost the Art of Strategy?

‘Strategy’ is a concept Western powers have struggled to define throughout history, and never truly owned. The 2003 Iraq War was a clear embodiment of this struggle.

A 106-year-old Armenian woman sits in front of her home guarding it with a rifle, in the village of Degh, near the border of Azerbaijan. 1990.

Reconciling Gender in Post-Conflict Societies: Sri Lanka and Sierra Leone

The policy of forcing women to pick between the role of ‘victim’ or ‘soldier’ has denied justice, agency, and rehabilitation to women in post-conflict societies.

Image by J Pellgen

The Myth of Soft Power in Asia

Soft power, unless blended appropriately with hard power, cannot insert influence in international relations and serve as an effective diplomatic tool.

Mandate Disclosure in EU Trade Negotiations: The Case of TiSA

Mandate Disclosure in EU Trade Negotiations: The Case of TiSA

The publication of TiSA’s negotiating mandate represents an effort to increase transparency, used by negotiators as a stepping stone towards expanding the EU’s win-set.

Upgrading the United Nations Environmental Programme to Meet the Needs of the 21st Century

Upgrading the United Nations Environmental Programme to Meet the Needs of the 21st Century

Pressure should be increased to create a strong international organisation that harnesses political will and keeps on the path to mitigating the effects of climate change.

Can Flags ‘Speak Security’?

Can Flags ‘Speak Security’?

Fragile national identities can become embodied and even dependent upon flags, and flags will continue to be a major stumbling block to desecuritisation.

Assessing the Relationship between Power and Morality in Nonviolent Action

Assessing the Relationship between Power and Morality in Nonviolent Action

Nonviolent action can simultaneously be pragmatic in its power to achieve the desired goal and principled by being rooted initially in morality.

Please Consider Donating

Before you download your free e-book, please consider donating to support open access publishing.

E-IR is an independent non-profit publisher run by an all volunteer team. Your donations allow us to invest in new open access titles and pay our bandwidth bills to ensure we keep our existing titles free to view. Any amount, in any currency, is appreciated. Many thanks!

Donations are voluntary and not required to download the e-book - your link to download is below.