NGOs and IGOs
Shared local histories and cultures allow for regional institutions, such as the EU and ASEAN, to promote and transmit regional norms and values to all member states.
Arms trade regulation today is only efficient to the extent that there are voluntary agreements and codes of conduct on arms exports. Illicit arms accumulation remains an issue.
Sources of government formation and stability are not limited to institutional frameworks, but are extended to the human agency of politicians and parties, as well as to economic conditions.
By recognizing non-state actors as rights holders and duty bearers, the challenge of establishing accountability for international organizations and unrecognized states can be met.
Developing countries do not systematically use “cross-retaliation” in the WTO, since the economic incentives do not benefit them and preceding cases have shown to be unsuccessful.
Neither the increased number of female participants in politics nor the establishment of the National Gender Machinery has improved women’s material conditions in South Africa.
The International Financial Institutions have moved from an ideologically driven approach to one that is more peace-sensitive, promising greater stability in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
A successful transition from post-conflict society to developing state requires balancing punitive justice with the need for the conflicting parties to reconcile their differences.