IFFs hamstring the efforts of African states to pursue poverty alleviation and economic development, thus addressing IFFs and their impacts should be a priority for UNECA.
NGOs and IGOs
Capitalism, through catalysts such as neoliberal institutions, imperial states, and multinational corporations, has not created security but has rather perpetuated insecurity.
To explain why states are compelled to justify their behaviour according to norms, the best approach is to interpret the issue as a process that considers all theories.
In trying to improve the actions of both terrorist organisations and INGOs working in intra-state conflicts, policy makers need to change the incentives driving these actors.
MC Interventions do not promote women’s empowerment. Women in the developing world do not only experience a cash flow problem, but are caught in complex systems of subordination and inequality.
While human security seems to have disappeared from the international agenda, organizations in the name of human security, as well as the recent resurgence of interest, show otherwise.
From a global perspective it seems clear that adopting a ‘one-size-fits-all’ approach, such as Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), is entirely inappropriate.
Shared local histories and cultures allow for regional institutions, such as the EU and ASEAN, to promote and transmit regional norms and values to all member states.
Arms trade regulation today is only efficient to the extent that there are voluntary agreements and codes of conduct on arms exports. Illicit arms accumulation remains an issue.
Sources of government formation and stability are not limited to institutional frameworks, but are extended to the human agency of politicians and parties, as well as to economic conditions.
By recognizing non-state actors as rights holders and duty bearers, the challenge of establishing accountability for international organizations and unrecognized states can be met.
Developing countries do not systematically use “cross-retaliation” in the WTO, since the economic incentives do not benefit them and preceding cases have shown to be unsuccessful.