Political Theory

Legitimacy and the US-led Invasion of Iraq

Legitimacy and the US-led Invasion of Iraq

The existence of legitimate norms & principles within international society did, in fact, exert influence over the US’ behaviour in its 2003 invasion of Iraq.

An Examination of Russia’s Foreign Policy Through The Clash of Civilizations

An Examination of Russia’s Foreign Policy Through The Clash of Civilizations

Russia’s actions of late are difficult to understand through traditional paradigms, but Huntington’s Clash of Civilization paradigm offers a holistic view of the crisis.

The Effects of the Mexican Drug Trade over the Past Sixty Years

The Effects of the Mexican Drug Trade over the Past Sixty Years

Drug trade has manufactured a deterioration of the federal state, but alarmist discourse conflates heterogeneous local effects with political issues at the national level

Liberalism, Neoliberalism and Corruption: a Critical Genealogy

Liberalism, Neoliberalism and Corruption: a Critical Genealogy

Proponents of liberalism will usually view liberalism as anti-corruption. History suggests something more complex – liberalism’s relationship to corruption is ambiguous.

Is There a Single Conception of Democracy?

Is There a Single Conception of Democracy?

Defining democracy requires a minimal core conception of democracy which allows for ‘thicker’ definitions that avoid ethnocentric and hegemonic conceptions of democracy.

Can There be an ‘Islamic Democracy’?

Can There be an ‘Islamic Democracy’?

Whilst there can be no universally satisfactory formulation of ‘Islamic Democracy’, there are numerous Muslim approaches to democracy (some conciliatory, others not).

Does Free Trade Undermine International Rules Protecting the Environment?

Does Free Trade Undermine International Rules Protecting the Environment?

The WTO undermines international environmental rules. Yet, the WTO’s decisions comply with the mandates for which it operates which do not cover environmental protection.

Food Insecurity and Unrest in the Arab Spring

Food Insecurity and Unrest in the Arab Spring

Rapidly rising international food prices caused the urban middle class to experience acute food insecurity, which is linked to the unrest resulting in the Arab Spring.

Are Economic Sanctions a Viable Strategy for Coercing Another State?

Are Economic Sanctions a Viable Strategy for Coercing Another State?

Economic sanctions fail in most of their major ambitions, and their ethical justifications are based on a distorted form of consequentialist ethics.

The Construction of Immigration in Italian Media

The Construction of Immigration in Italian Media

The framing of immigration in Italian media takes a security, military or economic shape. This problematically ‘others’ & delegitimises those immigrants.

In What Ways Can Neo-liberalism Be Classified as Utopian Politics?

In What Ways Can Neo-liberalism Be Classified as Utopian Politics?

Neo-liberalism in the self-proclaimed guise of an eutopia allows violence against other utopias, thus validating the very concerns espoused by classical liberal scholars.

Security: An Essentially Contested Concept?

Security: An Essentially Contested Concept?

Security is best seen as an ‘essentially contested concept’ because a universalised, fixed, and static definition is inconsistent with how its meaning changes in context.