IR

The Emergence and Cascading of Pope Francis’ Norm of Social Justice

The Emergence and Cascading of Pope Francis’ Norm of Social Justice

Since Pope Francis has restated the importance of social justice, this norm is going through a ‘life cycle’, and Catholics are beginning to accept and act upon it.

Torture and the Failure of the International System

Torture and the Failure of the International System

The prevalence of torture represents a failure of the state-led, sovereignty-based international order. A move beyond torture requires a move beyond sovereignty.

Demographics, Perceptions & the Weakening Securitisation of the US-Mexico Border

Demographics, Perceptions & the Weakening Securitisation of the US-Mexico Border

In recent years, American audiences have grown sceptical on the securitisation of the US-Mexico border, and indeed, the broader discourse on immigration and security.

The Challenges of British Counterinsurgency in Helmand – Why did it go so Wrong?

The Challenges of British Counterinsurgency in Helmand – Why did it go so Wrong?

Britain exhibited a lack of adhesion to the rules and maxims posited by classical COIN theory and subsequently faced many challenges.

Contemporary U.S. Foreign Policy Trends and Interactions with Native Americans

Contemporary U.S. Foreign Policy Trends and Interactions with Native Americans

Certain trends in American foreign policy can be better understood when seen as framed by the context of interactions with Native Americans

Does Realism Constitute a Recipe for a More Dangerous World?

Does Realism Constitute a Recipe for a More Dangerous World?

Criticisms that Realism constitutes a recipe for a dangerous world are misplaced, and are largely based upon inaccurately viewing neorealism and realism as synonymous.

Legitimacy and the US-led Invasion of Iraq

Legitimacy and the US-led Invasion of Iraq

The existence of legitimate norms & principles within international society did, in fact, exert influence over the US’ behaviour in its 2003 invasion of Iraq.

A Critical Analysis of Walt’s Concept of Security

A Critical Analysis of Walt’s Concept of Security

Whilst Walt’s concept of security may be limited in scope, he nevertheless offers valuable and sobering guidance to security studies.

An Examination of Russia’s Foreign Policy Through The Clash of Civilizations

An Examination of Russia’s Foreign Policy Through The Clash of Civilizations

Russia’s actions of late are difficult to understand through traditional paradigms, but Huntington’s Clash of Civilization paradigm offers a holistic view of the crisis.

The Effects of the Mexican Drug Trade over the Past Sixty Years

The Effects of the Mexican Drug Trade over the Past Sixty Years

Drug trade has manufactured a deterioration of the federal state, but alarmist discourse conflates heterogeneous local effects with political issues at the national level

Does Free Trade Undermine International Rules Protecting the Environment?

Does Free Trade Undermine International Rules Protecting the Environment?

The WTO undermines international environmental rules. Yet, the WTO’s decisions comply with the mandates for which it operates which do not cover environmental protection.

Food Insecurity and Unrest in the Arab Spring

Food Insecurity and Unrest in the Arab Spring

Rapidly rising international food prices caused the urban middle class to experience acute food insecurity, which is linked to the unrest resulting in the Arab Spring.