IR

Does Free Trade Undermine International Rules Protecting the Environment?

Does Free Trade Undermine International Rules Protecting the Environment?

The WTO undermines international environmental rules. Yet, the WTO’s decisions comply with the mandates for which it operates which do not cover environmental protection.

Food Insecurity and Unrest in the Arab Spring

Food Insecurity and Unrest in the Arab Spring

Rapidly rising international food prices caused the urban middle class to experience acute food insecurity, which is linked to the unrest resulting in the Arab Spring.

Security: An Essentially Contested Concept?

Security: An Essentially Contested Concept?

Security is best seen as an ‘essentially contested concept’ because a universalised, fixed, and static definition is inconsistent with how its meaning changes in context.

Does Realism Best Explain Intelligence Cooperation Between States?

Does Realism Best Explain Intelligence Cooperation Between States?

Scholars should combine Realism with Liberal-Institutionalist and Constructivist theories in order to best explain the reasons why states cooperate over intelligence.

Machiavelli on the Use of Immoral Means in Politics

Machiavelli on the Use of Immoral Means in Politics

If a political prince’s primary purpose is to maintain his leadership, he must develop the capability of appropriately using immoral methods when necessary.
 

State Failure Characterised by the Westphalian Model of Sovereignty

State Failure Characterised by the Westphalian Model of Sovereignty

The nature of sovereignty exposes the definition of state failure and, as such, the challenge to the Westphalian model that failed states represent.

International Security and “Failed States”: A Cause for Concern?

International Security and “Failed States”: A Cause for Concern?

Failed states signal that the Westphalian model lacks empirical support and is a simple political construction that deserves greater theoretical scrutiny.

The Just War Tradition and Utopian Political Thought

The Just War Tradition and Utopian Political Thought

War is neither humane nor inhumane; it is merely human, and to elevate the phenomenon to a humane altitude is a utopian project beyond mankind’s present reach.

The Economy is Organic: Reclaiming the Post-Crisis Development Agenda

The Economy is Organic: Reclaiming the Post-Crisis Development Agenda

To correctly assess contemporary reevaluations of development theory, we must understand its origins and their effect on how the global community views development today.

A Critical Evaluation of the Concept of Human Security

A Critical Evaluation of the Concept of Human Security

Critics of human security argue that its adoption has done little to change the behaviour of states or alleviate pressures of everyday life of the most vulnerable.

The Advantages and Limitations of Single Case Study Analysis

The Advantages and Limitations of Single Case Study Analysis

Single case study analyses offer empirically-rich, context-specific, holistic accounts and contribute to both theory-building and, to a lesser extent, theory-testing.

Global Governance and the Democratic Aspect of Cross-Border Communications

Global Governance and the Democratic Aspect of Cross-Border Communications

The technological intensification of the communication channels across the globe will trigger the need for governing the democratic aspect of cross-border communications.