Syria’s strong patrimonial military has no incentives to break with the regime. Until such incentives exist, the uprisings will probably fail.
War and Peace
Encouraging apolitical activities focused around the common concerns of communities holds great potential to foster reconciliation in post-atrocity contexts.
A religion-based, Ottomanistic definition of Turkish identity not only challenges the Kemalist roots of the state but also contributes to a postmodernisation of them.
A nuclear and emboldened Iran engaging in small conflicts presents an acute threat to security because the threat of inadvertent escalation is so dangerous.
Despite criticisms, the ‘peace through law’ approach to international law is a functional & realistic one, and it enables the daily functioning of international law.
War on Terror drone policies problematise classic Just War (JW) approaches. However, JW-inspired international law has the ability to ensure accountability.
By sponsoring the mujahidin, the US and Pakistan empowered an ideology and movement that encouraged tensions within the Muslim political communities of the Persian Gulf.
The intervention in East Timor illustrated how armed force can save lives, but intervention in Kosovo failed to provide a long-term solution and did more harm than good.
A naval approach to Somali piracy is & will continue to be ineffective – it doesn’t address its root causes. Piracy will continue without a human security approach.
Pursuing democratic principles, if they are driven by commitment to mediating values, has great potential to contribute to the success of post-conflict transitions.
Israel felt vulnerable in 1967, but in 1973 Israeli leaders decided against pre-emption, due to overwhelming military self-confidence and new-found strategic depth.
Hedley Bull’s critique and utilisation of Hobbes’ theory of international anarchy provides a coherent and realistic explanation of the international system.