War and Peace

Post-Communist Transitions and Military Conflict in Asia

Post-Communist Transitions and Military Conflict in Asia

In China, Laos, and Vietnam, the move from planned to market-oriented economies has increased free trade and diminished levels of international conflict and hostility.

Legitimacy and the US-led Invasion of Iraq

Legitimacy and the US-led Invasion of Iraq

The existence of legitimate norms & principles within international society did, in fact, exert influence over the US’ behaviour in its 2003 invasion of Iraq.

Are High Levels of Violent Crime Inevitable After a Civil War?

Are High Levels of Violent Crime Inevitable After a Civil War?

The emergence of violent crime after war should be considered as the product of a multiplicity of sources associated with conflict and with larger structural dynamics.

Why Did the Soviet Union Invade Afghanistan in 1979?

Why Did the Soviet Union Invade Afghanistan in 1979?

The USSR’s invasion of Afghanistan was the result of an intertwined set of concerns and interests within Moscow, rather than socialist internationalism or prestige.

An Examination of Russia’s Foreign Policy Through The Clash of Civilizations

An Examination of Russia’s Foreign Policy Through The Clash of Civilizations

Russia’s actions of late are difficult to understand through traditional paradigms, but Huntington’s Clash of Civilization paradigm offers a holistic view of the crisis.

Food Insecurity and Unrest in the Arab Spring

Food Insecurity and Unrest in the Arab Spring

Rapidly rising international food prices caused the urban middle class to experience acute food insecurity, which is linked to the unrest resulting in the Arab Spring.

The Iranian Nuclear programme: Impact on Regional Stability and Security

The Iranian Nuclear programme: Impact on Regional Stability and Security

Deterrence theory is not compelling when applied to Iran and the Middle East: an Iranian nuclear weapon would destabilize the region and lead to proliferation and war.

Security: An Essentially Contested Concept?

Security: An Essentially Contested Concept?

Security is best seen as an ‘essentially contested concept’ because a universalised, fixed, and static definition is inconsistent with how its meaning changes in context.

Why the Military Did Not Take Over: Understanding Pakistan’s Democratic Path

Why the Military Did Not Take Over: Understanding Pakistan’s Democratic Path

Continued democracy in Pakistan is a consequence of the military deciding not to intervene, as they believe they can wield power over the weak civilian government.

A Critical Assessment of the Application of Responsibility to Protect in Libya

A Critical Assessment of the Application of Responsibility to Protect in Libya

The application of Responsibility to Protect in Libya was a success in that it mobilised the UNSC to act decisively with remarkable speed and fully in accordance with R2P

‘Material Breach': A Valid Justification for Military Intervention in Iraq?

‘Material Breach': A Valid Justification for Military Intervention in Iraq?

The concept of ‘material breach’ was used as a political tool to justify military action in Iraq in 2003 by the U.S. and U.K., as opposed to a legal justification.

Victim-Politics and Post-Conflict Foreign Policy in Rwanda and Sri Lanka

Victim-Politics and Post-Conflict Foreign Policy in Rwanda and Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka and Rwanda elicit a sense of victimhood upon which their respective foreign policies have been built.