War and Peace
After the end of the Cold War, Washington envisioned American leadership in Europe as a means for stability; both for the future of Europe and for the international system.
The intentions of biological weapons are to cause damage to the social and economic order of society. Infectious disease also causes damage to this order and thus constitutes a security threat.
With intertwining roles but blurring boundaries between them, civilian and military bureaucrats have a hard time cooperating, especially in the contemporary security context of a nation-state.
Although current and controversial voices have been raised that Kosovo’s status as an international protectorate must be broken, the question remains: is independence the ultimate solution?
Empirical and rhetorical evidence within the context of America’s prosecution of the War on Terror ultimately supports the contention that it is not over. ‘Who won?’ then becomes hypothetical.
Despite the US’ claims of self-defence and terrorist eradication, it can be argued that the NATO invasion of Afghanistan in October 2001 was not legal under international law.
While not always clearly expressed, human nature is the immediate basis of all human endeavours up to and including war and expands to the pursuit of those resources most vital to survival.
Though commonly conceptualised as opposing poles within the international relations discourse, there is no reason why constructivism and realism could not reach converging deductions.