Hedley Bull’s critique and utilisation of Hobbes’ theory of international anarchy provides a coherent and realistic explanation of the international system.
Controlling the spread of nuclear weapons remains an impossibility, for as history has shown, more often than not those states which desire them will achieve them.
The transformation of the Syrian Civil War from a bipolar to a tripolar conflict came from incompatible visions of Syria’s future within the Syrian Resistance Coalition.
Lacking internal coherence, Mearsheimer’s theory ultimately fails to provide a logically consistent basis for the view that China’s rise will be unpeaceful.
The causes and effects of performative violence are linked, and include intimidation, social and material control, social cohesion and communication, and structural violence.
The idea of good motives presents the most interesting critique of liberal internationalism, and can offer a path that appeases both realism and internationalism.
R2P, although a symbolic moral step for human rights, is not a sufficiently effective positive step, and is too militaristic in its approach.
Whilst the deployment of female engagement teams in Afghanistan may have signaled a symbolic change in how COIN is practiced, their existence plays only a supporting role.
The Israeli military’s massacre in the Sabra and Shatila Palestinian camps hindered Israel’s attainment of its overt and strategic objectives in the First Lebanon War.
Despite some significant issues, the Tallin Manual still provides a foundation to assess the legality of cyber warfare in international and non-international armed conflict.
The only humanitarian interventions that seem to be widely accepted are those authorised by the Security Council under the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations.
The jus ad bellum principles show that the intervention in Libya was justified, and offers an example of how to respond to the idea of civilian protection.