As states’ absolute power declines and shared threats rise, the NSS becomes more important for the transition to multipolarism and coordination between disparate powers.
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The Benghazi attacks ultimately assisted in the ongoing destabilisation of post-Gaddafi Libya, and advanced multiple extremist Islamist causes.
The prescribed causal relationship between religion and violence is not only contestable but also alarmingly reductionist.
A norms-based approach to achieving cyber security has its merits, but there are significant coordination hurdles to overcome in order to make developing norms lasting.
In a constructed malestream military, women in combat arms are inherently irregular as they take on a twofold irregularity as female fighters and irregular combatants.
Afghanistan has become a “snake country”: where loyalty can only be rented, solutions are always temporary, and the law of the stronger prevails.
The typology of Syrian rebel groups illuminates the obstacles to cooperative action, but also highlights the difficulties that might dominate the post-war Syrian state.
‘Irregular’ is a demonising exclusionary weapon of war applied only to those opposing US goals for the purposes of improving the legitimate guise of its actions.
An evaluation of the abilities of ISIS, the Afghan Taliban prior to their ousting in 2001 and Boko Haram to engage in state-building – and what forms are ‘successful’.
Civil wars are more protracted and difficult to terminate for numerous reasons. Nevertheless, a number of critical factors that fuel these wars can be distinguished.
Tthe decision-making process that guided resolution 1973 was based on national interests, realpolitik calculations, geo-strategic considerations, and domestic politics.
Unresolved for so many years, the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict has proved intractable. Ana Daskalova examines the role played by Russia as an external party to the conflict.