The European Common Security and Defence Policy has not led to popular support for a ‘European Army’, however it offers potential civilian forms of security.
Humanitarian Intervention (students)
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The public lynching of Farkhunda Malikzada demonstrated more than ‘Radical Islam’ but also the challenges to identity in post-Taliban Afghanistan.
Claims to alleviate suffering by celebrity humanitarians reflect attempts by the neoliberal world order to control and ensure order in the ‘chaotic’ continent of Africa.
The alternative cultures and regime types of Iran and North Korea are the main reasons behind the disparate responses to economic sanctions in the 2010s.
‘Strategy’ is a concept Western powers have struggled to define throughout history, and never truly owned. The 2003 Iraq War was a clear embodiment of this struggle.
Examining the legality of Russia’s claim of ‘intervention by invitation’ & the validity of such a principle when a country fails to respect norms of international law.
Since Tiananmen Square 1989, China’s understanding of the significant yet contingent power of human rights discourse has guided much of its foreign policy on the subject.
Any form of humanitarian intervention will seek to impose a one-sided narrative of stability and security, which are, by default, culturally and regionally not uniform.
Human security is falling short of the developmental, humanitarian impact that it had intended, despite being entrenched on the international security agenda.
Military interventions are always liable to backfire and cause unintended harm to an intervening state on various grounds, such as ideological, political, and economic.
Non-state armed groups who receive fungible resources, such as funding or weapons, are more likely to experience interrebel fighting and less likely to be in an alliance.
Although NGOs have been criticised for their failure to address the issues facing Haiti in the aftermath of her earthquake, preexisting issues exacerbate the challenge.