Humanitarian Intervention

United Nations Personnel in the Democratic Republic of Congo

United Nations Personnel in the Democratic Republic of Congo

New guidelines for determining the applicability of international humanitarian law to United Nations peace operations are both necessary and urgent.

Rhetoric of Responsibility: R2P’s Harmful Application in Humanitarian Practice

Rhetoric of Responsibility: R2P’s Harmful Application in Humanitarian Practice

From a well-meaning attempt at humanitarian action following the crises of the 1990s, the Responsibility to Protect has nevertheless become a vehicle for self-interest.

‘R2P’ as an Emerging Norm

‘R2P’ as an Emerging Norm

R2P’s power lies in its potential, as an emerging norm, to shift state attitudes to mass atrocity crimes to a legal commitment to protect at risk people around the world.

A Critical Assessment of the Application of Responsibility to Protect in Libya

A Critical Assessment of the Application of Responsibility to Protect in Libya

The application of Responsibility to Protect in Libya was a success in that it mobilised the UNSC to act decisively with remarkable speed and fully in accordance with R2P

Victim-Politics and Post-Conflict Foreign Policy in Rwanda and Sri Lanka

Victim-Politics and Post-Conflict Foreign Policy in Rwanda and Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka and Rwanda elicit a sense of victimhood upon which their respective foreign policies have been built.

The Incompatibility of COIN Warfare and Nation-Building in Iraq and Afghanistan

The Incompatibility of COIN Warfare and Nation-Building in Iraq and Afghanistan

The disjuncture between kinetic elements of American COIN doctrine and the nation-building mission inherent to ‘new’ conflicts lies at the root of ongoing difficulties.

Explaining the Case for Invading Iraq from a Neo-conservative Perspective

Explaining the Case for Invading Iraq from a Neo-conservative Perspective

The Bush administration’s invasion of Iraq was a story of neo-conservative ideas (militarism, morality, and democracy) about the role of America in the world.

The 1948 Genocide Convention as an ‘Increasingly Meaningless Document’?

The 1948 Genocide Convention as an ‘Increasingly Meaningless Document’?

The legal success of the Genocide Convention continues to re-establish the norm politically, albeit under misinterpretation and without effect of prevention.

The Effectiveness of Soft & Hard Power in Contemporary International Relations

The Effectiveness of Soft & Hard Power in Contemporary International Relations

‘Hard’ & ‘soft’ power are competing approaches to power in IR. Soft power is increasingly effective & hard power less so; ‘smart power’ offers a promising third strategy.

National Security and the Threat of Climate Change

National Security and the Threat of Climate Change

Though national security frameworks may hinder pragmatic cooperation, securitising climate change is advantageous in planning for a clear and increasingly present danger.

What is the Principal Object of the International Legal System?

What is the Principal Object of the International Legal System?

Individuals & organizations are increasingly gaining traction in a state-dominant international legal order, a piecemeal process that may result in a global constitution.

Why is the Practice of Humanitarian Intervention so Controversial?

Why is the Practice of Humanitarian Intervention so Controversial?

Humanitarian Intervention marks a struggle at the foundations of international law. This struggle is an ongoing one, as evidenced by its instances of abuse and failure.