Military

Strategic Offensive Weapons and the International System

Strategic Offensive Weapons and the International System

Globalization has reduced the importance of space in geopolitics, but Iraq, Iran and North Korea have developed capabilities to increase the value of space.

Presidential War Powers in Vietnam

Presidential War Powers in Vietnam

With Johnson’s executive mandate for war and Nixon’s justification of executive authority, the Vietnam War set a dangerous precedent for presidential war powers.

Shared Concerns with Opposite Outcomes:  Myanmar and DPRK on China’s Border

Shared Concerns with Opposite Outcomes: Myanmar and DPRK on China’s Border

The shared threat of China provides an interesting and underutilized way to examine the strategic decision to pursue reform or retrenchment in North Korea and Myanmar.

The Challenges of British Counterinsurgency in Helmand – Why did it go so Wrong?

The Challenges of British Counterinsurgency in Helmand – Why did it go so Wrong?

Britain exhibited a lack of adhesion to the rules and maxims posited by classical COIN theory and subsequently faced many challenges.

Does Gender Shape the War System and Vice Versa?

Does Gender Shape the War System and Vice Versa?

Contemporary perceptions of combatants underline how the masculine–aggressive and feminine–passive nexus still lies at the heart of gender and the war system.

Post-Communist Transitions and Military Conflict in Asia

Post-Communist Transitions and Military Conflict in Asia

In China, Laos, and Vietnam, the move from planned to market-oriented economies has increased free trade and diminished levels of international conflict and hostility.

Legitimacy and the US-led Invasion of Iraq

Legitimacy and the US-led Invasion of Iraq

The existence of legitimate norms & principles within international society did, in fact, exert influence over the US’ behaviour in its 2003 invasion of Iraq.

Why Did the Soviet Union Invade Afghanistan in 1979?

Why Did the Soviet Union Invade Afghanistan in 1979?

The USSR’s invasion of Afghanistan was the result of an intertwined set of concerns and interests within Moscow, rather than socialist internationalism or prestige.

An Examination of Russia’s Foreign Policy Through The Clash of Civilizations

An Examination of Russia’s Foreign Policy Through The Clash of Civilizations

Russia’s actions of late are difficult to understand through traditional paradigms, but Huntington’s Clash of Civilization paradigm offers a holistic view of the crisis.

Why the Military Did Not Take Over: Understanding Pakistan’s Democratic Path

Why the Military Did Not Take Over: Understanding Pakistan’s Democratic Path

Continued democracy in Pakistan is a consequence of the military deciding not to intervene, as they believe they can wield power over the weak civilian government.

‘Material Breach': A Valid Justification for Military Intervention in Iraq?

‘Material Breach': A Valid Justification for Military Intervention in Iraq?

The concept of ‘material breach’ was used as a political tool to justify military action in Iraq in 2003 by the U.S. and U.K., as opposed to a legal justification.

The Incompatibility of COIN Warfare and Nation-Building in Iraq and Afghanistan

The Incompatibility of COIN Warfare and Nation-Building in Iraq and Afghanistan

The disjuncture between kinetic elements of American COIN doctrine and the nation-building mission inherent to ‘new’ conflicts lies at the root of ongoing difficulties.