By sponsoring the mujahidin, the US and Pakistan empowered an ideology and movement that encouraged tensions within the Muslim political communities of the Persian Gulf.
Controlling the spread of nuclear weapons remains an impossibility, for as history has shown, more often than not those states which desire them will achieve them.
R2P, although a symbolic moral step for human rights, is not a sufficiently effective positive step, and is too militaristic in its approach.
Whilst the deployment of female engagement teams in Afghanistan may have signaled a symbolic change in how COIN is practiced, their existence plays only a supporting role.
The French intervention in Mali is a testament to securitization theory’s prowess in challenging, and more significantly, critiquing modern conceptualizations of security.
The Israeli military’s massacre in the Sabra and Shatila Palestinian camps hindered Israel’s attainment of its overt and strategic objectives in the First Lebanon War.
The jus ad bellum principles show that the intervention in Libya was justified, and offers an example of how to respond to the idea of civilian protection.
Because cyber attacks have been shown to be a widespread problem, cyber security must be taken seriously regardless of the fact that no state has yet officially declared a cyber war.
Even though the 1948 Arab-Israeli War resulted in Israel’s victory, it had significant consequences on the regional politics of the region, which are still visible today.
Targeted killing without regard to due process is no more than extra-judicial executions. The international community should put in place a legal framework to govern targeted killing.
After the end of the Cold War, Washington envisioned American leadership in Europe as a means for stability, both for the future of Europe and for the international system.
With intertwining roles but blurring boundaries between them, civilian and military bureaucrats have a hard time cooperating, especially in the contemporary security context of a nation-state.