Free Textbooks from e‑International Relations

Get started, or refresh yourself, with all of the basics that you need in your studies.

Our textbooks are available via free e-book (PDF) and web versions. They are also on sale in paperback in all good book stores worldwide.

Search all student essays:
View all essays categorised with:

Recent Posts

The Rise of the Developmental State in China and Its Absence in India

The Rise of the Developmental State in China and Its Absence in India

The factors of state autonomy, capacity and strategy help to explain the rise of the developmental state in China and its absence in India.

Compliance with UN Watercourses Convention: Half Full or Half Empty?

Compliance with UN Watercourses Convention: Half Full or Half Empty?

How can the UN Watercourses Convention minimise the risks of inter-state conflict over water resources?

The Aesthetics of Revolt: Emerging Political Subjectivities in the Arab Spring

The Aesthetics of Revolt: Emerging Political Subjectivities in the Arab Spring

Aesthetic forms of revolt live on in the collective memory as well as in their material forms, and continue to provide a repertoire for subsequent political action.

The Alleged Failure of Multilateralism in Syria: Beyond a Realist Trap

The Alleged Failure of Multilateralism in Syria: Beyond a Realist Trap

Earlier in history, multilateralism was deemed a ‘realist necessity’. In the current era, it is reshaped through battles of values.

Border Control and Migration Fatalities in the Mediterranean Sea

Border Control and Migration Fatalities in the Mediterranean Sea

The issue of migrant fatalities has become an urgent and controversial matter in Europe. Information about how many have died attempting to cross into the EU is rare and not accurate.

The Concept of ‘World Society’ in International Relations

The Concept of ‘World Society’ in International Relations

In a world where a realist perspective still seems dominant, the idea of world society – as found in the English school – is a revolutionary concept.

The Awkward European: Britain and the Common Security and Defence Policy

The Awkward European: Britain and the Common Security and Defence Policy

Britain should not orphan the very policy it created in Brittany almost 20 years ago. If it does, that would constitute the real missed opportunity for Britain and CSDP.

Student Feature – Middle Powers in International Relations

Student Feature – Middle Powers in International Relations

Middle power theorising can draw on a long and important intellectual history, emphasising the potential for states desiring middle power recognition to become good global citizens in a globalizing world.

Human Rights and Democracy: An Incompatible or Complementary Relationship?

Human Rights and Democracy: An Incompatible or Complementary Relationship?

This essay traverses tensions between human rights and democracy stemming from their incompatible basic values, modes of application and types of politics they foster.

Image by: h2opoloplyr_11

War’s Silent Victim: The Environment

Modern conflicts have a high human cost but the environment is often the forgotten victim. Is international law equipped to protect the environment from war?

Interview – Wendy Brown

Interview – Wendy Brown

Professor Brown discusses neoliberalism’s threat to democracy, how capital and religious violence subvert sovereignty, and expounds on the state of critical theory.

The Demise of the Sino-Vietnamese Relationship

The Demise of the Sino-Vietnamese Relationship

Walt’s theory of alliances is often used to explain the Sino-Soviet split but the break-down of the Sino-Vietnamese alliance shows more is at play than material interest.

Please Consider Donating

Before you download your free e-book, please consider donating to support open access publishing.

E-IR is an independent non-profit publisher run by an all volunteer team. Your donations allow us to invest in new open access titles and pay our bandwidth bills to ensure we keep our existing titles free to view. Any amount, in any currency, is appreciated. Many thanks!

Donations are voluntary and not required to download the e-book - your link to download is below.