Author profile: Thomas J. Ward and William D. Lay

Thomas J. Ward serves as Dean of the University of Bridgeport’s College of Public and International Affairs. An honors graduate of the Sorbonne and a Phi Beta Kappa graduate of Notre Dame, he did his doctoral studies in Political Economy and International Education at the Catholic Institute of Paris and De La Salle University in the Philippines. He teaches graduate courses in International Conflict and Negotiation and Political and Economic Integration. A former Fulbright scholar, he has lectured at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in Beijing, and has been a Visiting Research Fellow at Academic Sinica in Taipei. His research on the comfort women issue has been published in East Asia and Asia Pacific Journal: Japan Focus.

William D. Lay is Chair of the Criminal Justice and Human Security program at the University of Bridgeport. He teaches graduate and undergraduate courses in international public law, international humanitarian law, US constitutional and criminal law, and human security. Born in Tokyo, he has traveled extensively in Asia and the Asia Pacific region. He was a Kent Scholar throughout his years at Columbia Law School, and was Senior Editor of the Columbia Law Review. He clerked at the New York Court of Appeals for Judge Joseph Bellacosa, a recognized authority on New York criminal procedure, and practiced law for 12 years with the Fried Frank and Skadden Arps firms in New York City before joining the UB faculty. His articles on East Asia have appeared in East Asia and the Harvard Asia Quarterly.

A Call for Introspection on the Comfort Women Tragedy

Thomas J. Ward and William D. Lay • Jun 24 2020 • Articles
The time has come to address longstanding cultural assumptions, rather than to allow this tragedy to be used by nationalists and self-serving politicians.

Telling the Story of the Comfort Women

Thomas J. Ward and William D. Lay • Mar 18 2019 • Articles
By telling the story of the comfort women and identifying all responsible parties, a future world can be built where all women will experience dignity and respect.

The Comfort Women Controversy in the American Public Square

Thomas J. Ward and William D. Lay • Mar 10 2019 • Articles
A prevalent mindset existed, and is deeply rooted, among both the Japanese and American military that women were expected to provide sexual services to their soldiers.

Statue Politics vs. East Asian Security: The Growing Role of China

Thomas J. Ward and William D. Lay • Mar 8 2019 • Articles
China's goals in jumping on the official comfort women bandwagon are arguably strategic, helping support the growing divide between Japan and Korea.

Inconsistencies in the Korean Comfort Women Narrative

Thomas J. Ward and William D. Lay • Mar 7 2019 • Articles
The fact that Korean military also availed themselves of the 'special comfort unit' during the Korean War has received little public attention, even since the 1990's.

Korean Civil Society Organizations: Accomplishments and Expectations

Thomas J. Ward and William D. Lay • Mar 2 2019 • Articles
Koreans have drawn parallels between the treatment of the comfort women and the Holocaust, leading Koreans to seek recognition of guilt and accountability from Japan.

The Unusual Case of Taiwan

Thomas J. Ward and William D. Lay • Mar 1 2019 • Articles
Unlike Korea, Taiwan has built monuments to pay homage to Japan, honoring the contribution that Japan made to Taiwan during the colonial period, including comfort women.

Opposition to Comfort Women Memorials in the United States

Thomas J. Ward and William D. Lay • Feb 28 2019 • Articles
Many suggest that Japanese crimes pale in comparison to Western imperialism which was not characterized by the progress and prosperity that Japanese colonialism produced.

The Competing Narratives of Statue Politics

Thomas J. Ward and William D. Lay • Feb 24 2019 • Articles
Evidence is manifest that many tens of thousands of Korean women were deceptively recruited or forced into sexual servitude in the years leading up to and throughout WWII.

Introducing ‘Park Statue Politics’

Thomas J. Ward and William D. Lay • Feb 21 2019 • Articles
This book explains, critiques, and expands on the narratives regarding the memorials erected in the US to honor female victims of the comfort women system established by the Japanese military from 1937 to 1945.

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