Essays

One of the best ways of developing your essay writing ability is to see how other students respond to similar questions. Reading other students’ essays can provide interesting insights and broaden your understanding of what is possible when answering a question.

Gender and Security: Redefining the ‘State’ and a ‘Threat’

Gender and Security: Redefining the ‘State’ and a ‘Threat’

Using a gender perspective, the dominant definitions of the ‘state’ and a ‘threat’ are re-defined to better understand security today.

Terrorism as Controversy: The Shifting Definition of Terrorism in State Politics

Terrorism as Controversy: The Shifting Definition of Terrorism in State Politics

Political motives inform many definitions of terrorism, which are often irregularly applied, harming counter-terrorist initiatives.

A Royal Air Force Reaper RPAS (Remotely Piloted Air System) at Kandahar Airfield in Afghanistan.

904 Expeditionary Air Wing (904 EAW) is responsible for the support and operation of RAF assets at Kandahar Airfield, Afghanistan. As well as delivering hundreds of RAF air mobility movements every year with Hercules C-130J and BAE 146 aircraft, the EAW mounts attack and intelligence missions through its detachments of RAF Tornado GR4 fast jets. The EAW also provides support for a detachment providing launch and recovery of RAF and Reaper remotely piloted air systems.

The Reaper Detachment operates the RAF’s highly capable remotely piloted air systems to supplement other air intelligence platforms with detailed imagery of ground conditions. Reaper’s primary role is to provide intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance, and this forms the vast majority of its missions. 

However, when necessary the aircraft can also deploy precision-guided weapons to support Afghan-led ground forces in contact with the enemy. All Reaper missions are controlled by experienced RAF pilots, whose immediate face-to-face support from intelligence personnel and other operational specialists makes them among the most situationally aware pilots in the world. 

The Detachment is also supported by aerospace battle managers and other operational specialists based with 83 Expeditionary Air Group.


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Photographer: Sergeant Ross Tilly (RAF)
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Drones, Aid and Education: The Three Ways to Counter Terrorism

Drones, aid and education can effectively combat terrorism, but only if they are deployed together and with the proper restrictions and considerations.

Between Pepe and Beyoncé: The Role of Popular Culture in Political Research

Between Pepe and Beyoncé: The Role of Popular Culture in Political Research

Popular culture can act both as an analogous tool for political scientists and as a mirror for public attitudes.

Is the European Union’s Institutional Architecture in Multiple Crisis?

Is the European Union’s Institutional Architecture in Multiple Crisis?

The multiple crises facing the EU are not isolated incidents, but are complex and interconnected issues developed over the course of the EU’s history.

Compassionate Warfare, a Hard Promise to Keep: COIN in Iraq and Afghanistan

Compassionate Warfare, a Hard Promise to Keep: COIN in Iraq and Afghanistan

Despite the emphasis on winning “hearts and minds,” Counterinsurgency (COIN) campaigns in Iraq and Afghanistan have not achieved their objectives.

To What Extent is the Realist School of IR Theory Useful for Policymakers?

To What Extent is the Realist School of IR Theory Useful for Policymakers?

Due to contrasting aims of IR theory and practice, the processes drastically differ and limit the extent to which theory can be applied to practicing world politics.

Obama and ‘Learning’ in Foreign Policy: Military Intervention in Libya and Syria

Obama and ‘Learning’ in Foreign Policy: Military Intervention in Libya and Syria

‘Learning’ as an analytical framework shows how Obama’s decision-making towards the Gaddafi and Assad regimes was informed by past US interventions.

Revolutionary Religion: Shia Islam and the Iranian Revolution

Revolutionary Religion: Shia Islam and the Iranian Revolution

The Iranian revolution of 1979 can be considered as Islamic, yet we must recognize the socioeconomic conditions and existing political movements which fostered change.

Can Soldiers Refuse to Fight? The Limitations of Just War Theory

Can Soldiers Refuse to Fight? The Limitations of Just War Theory

Orthodox Just War Theory only holds soldiers morally accountable for how they conduct warfare. By doing so, it denies the right to refuse participation in unjust wars.

Should the Rome Statute Include the Crime of Ecocide?

Should the Rome Statute Include the Crime of Ecocide?

The crime of ‘Ecocide’ is analysed within the context of the Vietnam War, suggesting that it should be added to the Rome Statute.

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