Referencing and Using E-IR’s Content


E-International Relations is a website. So, you should reference our content in line with your institutional guidelines for referencing website articles. Regardless of the exact referencing format you are using, you should always include:

the full author name
the full article title
the date of publication
the publisher (E-International Relations)
the full article URL.
you should also add: [date accessed]

We actively encourage lecturers / professors / tutors to use E-IR’s Articles and Publications in course kits/reading materials. We specify no restriction for the use and dissemination of our content for student learning materials, so long as ‘E-International Relations (’ is clearly listed as the publisher.

If you have further questions about using our materials as teaching tools, please contact us.



E-IR’s content is licensed under a Creative Commons CC BY-NC 4.0 license. You are free to use our content, in whole or in part, for noncommercial purposes only, so long as you clearly reference the author and embed a link to the content’s page on E-IR. Failure to meet any of these republication requirements is a violation of E-IR’s license and an infringement of the author’s copyright.



For noncommercial and creative commons licensed print publications, this falls under the same stipulations as republishing online (above). However, if you intend to republish in a commercial publication / book (etc) – please contact us. If publication occurs in any print format, it must contain a full attribution linking to the content’s original publication page on E-IR.



E-IR’s digital publications are registered with the following ISSN number: 2053-8626