Author profile: Giulia Valentini

China and Japan’s Responses to the West in the 19th Century

China and Japan’s Responses to the West in the 19th Century

Japan and China reacted differently to pressure from the West in the 19th century: Japan opened trade with the West and modernized successfully, neither of which China did.

Pros and Cons of the UK-US Special Relationship

Pros and Cons of the UK-US Special Relationship

Since World War II, the United Kingdom and the United States have enjoyed an extremely close “special relationship” in the areas of military intervention, defense, and the economy.

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