Author profile: Pauline Tiffen

Raising the Bar on Chocolate: Cocoa Farmers in Ghana Shape the Future

Pauline Tiffen • Jul 3 2010 • Articles

In 1993 Ghana initiated the partial liberalisation of its most significant economic export, cocoa beans. Having resisted World Bank pressure to liberalise fully, the Cocoa Marketing Board retained its monopoly on exports through the Cocoa Marketing Company. It thus sustained its farm-to-port quality control system of every sack and its authority to determine the terms of trade


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