Author profile: Rainer Ricardo

Rainer Ricardo is a doctoral candidate in political science at the University of Montréal and his research interests focus on the theories of International Relations (IR), the Westphalian conception of international politics and the revisionist theoretical trend within the discipline of IR. Under the direction of Professor Mamoudou Gazibo, he is conducting a doctoral thesis project based on the study of those international hierarchies built upon gratitude as political power, i.e clientelistic hierarchies in international politics. He holds a master’s degree in Political Science from the University of Québec
à Montréal (UQÀM), as well as a doctoral scholarship from the Fonds de recherche du Québec-Société and Culture (FRQSC).

Review – Quantum Mind and Social Science

Review – Quantum Mind and Social Science

Alexander Wendt claims the supremacy of scientific realism by establishing a synthesis between two irreconcilable ontologies: the physical and social.

International Hierarchies Built Upon Gratitude as Political Power

International Hierarchies Built Upon Gratitude as Political Power

Gratitude expressed by subaltern states help hegemons to represent themselves as benevolent actors. Thus gratitude reinforces the will to pursue global hegemony. 

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