Author profile: Susanne Hartmann

Yemen’s Water Scarcity as a Threat to National Security

Yemen’s Water Scarcity as a Threat to National Security

Within the past couple decades, the discourse surrounding water scarcity in Yemen has shifted; this scarcity is now seen as a contributing threat to national security.

Can Constructivism Explain the Arab Spring?

Can Constructivism Explain the Arab Spring?

Though not without limitations, social constructivism remains one of the most useful theories in examining the Arab Spring as a response to social forces and a globalization of norms.

Is the United Nations an Effective Institution?

Is the United Nations an Effective Institution?

The UN has an anarchic and realist structure, hindering it from effective decision-making and development. It is further challenged by diverse epistemologies and competing Great Power interests.

Please Consider Donating

Before you download your free e-book, please consider donating to support open access publishing.

E-IR is an independent non-profit publisher run by an all volunteer team. Your donations allow us to invest in new open access titles and pay our bandwidth bills to ensure we keep our existing titles free to view. Any amount, in any currency, is appreciated. Many thanks!

Donations are voluntary and not required to download the e-book - your link to download is below.