Articles

E-IR’s articles offer an accessible route into some of the most interesting ideas, debates and policy issues in international politics. All articles are published under the ISSN 2053-8626. Use the search box on the right with appropriate keywords to enable you to find expert content on the exact subject that you seek.

China in the Post-Hegemonic Middle East: A Wary Dragon?

China in the Post-Hegemonic Middle East: A Wary Dragon?

China’s friendly relations with the governments of the Middle East, its rising influence, and its more assertive foreign policy look set to combine to enable it to play a more substantial role in the region.

Technology and Tyranny: Social Media and the End of the Liberal World Order

Technology and Tyranny: Social Media and the End of the Liberal World Order

Social media are used by authoritarian regimes and tyrants – and as instruments of resistance. In both cases, they participate in the redefinition of the world order.

The ‘Forgotten Double’: Reflections at a Johannesburg War Memorial

The ‘Forgotten Double’: Reflections at a Johannesburg War Memorial

Experiences of ‘the international’ include folklore, legend, and oral history – places where IR is unable to go because of its preoccupation with rationality and order. It is time this cloak is removed.

Norms, Norm Violations, and IR Theory

Norms, Norm Violations, and IR Theory

With the shift from a unipolar world to a multipolar one, understanding the interactions between strong powers and norms, norm violations, and norm shifts is important.

Norm Evolution Theory and World Politics

Norm Evolution Theory and World Politics

Despite many years of focus on this topic, scholars have not yet come to a complete understanding of how or why norms emerge and evolve or change over time.

Brazil and the United States: Will President Bolsonaro Bandwagon?

Brazil and the United States: Will President Bolsonaro Bandwagon?

It is not unconceivable that Bolsonaro will soon find himself in a position of needing all the help he can get – including that which may come from the United States.

United States Foreign Policy in the Middle East after the Cold War

United States Foreign Policy in the Middle East after the Cold War

30 years of interventions and more than 17 years of war has left both America and the Middle East with countless unresolved, and perhaps unresolvable, problems.

Brazilian Foreign Policy under President Bolsonaro: What Should We Expect?

Brazilian Foreign Policy under President Bolsonaro: What Should We Expect?

Brazil is seemingly seeking a greater international presence with Bolsonaro, probably reviewing many of the guidelines that prevailed in the 2000s.

The Ecumenical Patriarchate and the Ukrainian Church Crisis

The Ecumenical Patriarchate and the Ukrainian Church Crisis

In the Orthodox ecclesiastical world, the issue of an Ukrainian autocephalous church has emerged. Now, the question is how this crisis is going to escalate.

The Challenges to Middle Eastern International Society: A Study in Disorder

The Challenges to Middle Eastern International Society: A Study in Disorder

The Middle East is in a state of flux in which power politics and threats narrow states’ security interests to within their borders, which hampers the effective functioning of a regional society.

Conflicts and Crisis in the Cameroon Anglophone Region

Conflicts and Crisis in the Cameroon Anglophone Region

In view of the flaws of the decolonization of Cameroon, will Western powers continue to turn a blind eye on the fratricidal war in the Cameroon Anglophone region? 

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